Describe the major anatomical features that define humans as primates
Primates include apes, lemurs, tarsiers and monkeys. The anatomical features include:
long fingers and separate opposable thumbs.
shoulder joints allowing movement in three planes, bones of the shoulder joint girdle allowing weight to be transferred via the arms.
forward facing eyes on a flattened face, giving overlapping fields of view
Skull modified for upright posture
The similarities make it clear that humans evolved from other primate species.
Outline the trends illustrated by the fossils of
The Hominidae family includes humans and other bipedal species. All other species in the Hominidae family are now extinct. In the past, several Hominidae species coexisted, including
. Fossils of hominids show very clear trends: increasing adaptation to bipedalism and increasing brain size in relation to body size.
fossils were found in Ethiopia.
fossils were found in Southern or Eastern Africa.
fossils were found in Eastern Africa and Asia.
fossils were found in Europe and
fossils in many parts of the world.