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Linear Motion

Linear Motion

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Published by: nishaminni on Dec 05, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/06/2014

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Linear Motion
Linear motion is the motion in 1 dimension (1-D) or the
motion in a straight line
.
Distance1)
The distance traveled by an object is the
total length
that is traveled by thatobject.
2)
Distance is a
scalar quantity
.
3)
The SI unit of distance is m (
metre
).
Displacement
1)
Displacement
of an object from a point of reference, O is the
shortest distance
of the object from point O in a
specific direction
.2)Displacement is a
vector quantit
y.3)The SI unit of displacement is m (
metre
).
Distance vs Displacement
Distance travelled = 200mDisplacement = 120 m, in the direction of Northeast
Speed
1.Speed is the
rate of change
in distance. It is a measure of how fast the distancechange in a movement.2.Speed is a
scalar quantity
.3.The SI unit of speed is m/s (metre per second)
 
Equation of SpeedVelocity
1.Velocity is define as the
rate of displacement change
. It is the measure of howfast the displacement change of a moving object.2.Velocity is a
vector quantity
.3.The unit of displacemnet is m/s (metre per second)
 
Equation of velocityPositive or Negative Sign of Velocity
1.In velocity, the
positive/negative sign indicates direction
.2.You can take any direction as positive and the opposite as negative.3.For a linear motion, normally we take the motion to the right as positive andhence the motion to the left as negative.
Acceleration
Acceleration is the rate of velocity change.Acceleration is a vector quantity. It is ameasure of how fast the velocity change.Acceleration is a vector quantity.The unit of acceleration is ms
-2
.

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