Backup, Restore, and Recoveryfor Windows Server 2003 andActive Directory
Performing backups is a system administrator’s single most important task. However, because havingbackups sometimes isn’t enough, you need skills that go beyond the ability to back up and restorefiles. In this chapter, I describe some common scenarios in which things go wrong – from a servergoing belly up to objects in Active Directory (AD) being inadvertently deleted. Windows Server 2003 (Windows 2003) gives you many ways to get your system back to businessas usual. I’ll show you how to use the techniques and features it offers –
you have to swinginto action to save the day (and your job). I discuss using the Recovery Console (RC), deploying thenew Emergency Management Services (EMS) feature, performing an AD backup and restore, enabling Automated System Recovery (ASR), and replicating DCs from media with the new Install from Media(IFM) feature.
Using the RC
When Microsoft released Windows 2000, one of my new favorite features was the Recovery Console(RC). The RC could help you address a persistent problem that many of you will remember.Before the advent of the RC, if a server went belly-up and you needed to perform surgery on it,doing so was difficult if the underlying file system was NTFS. Booting from a floppy disk wouldn
t let you see or modify NTFS volumes. Given the frustration of working with NTFS in this urgent situation,thousands of Windows NT 4.0 server administrators kept their OS loaded on FAT partitions
just forthe rare emergency. This approach let the administrators boot to a DOS prompt to edit, rename, ormodify damaged files. Windows 2003 and Win2K have the RC, a tool whose job is to help when the chips are down.The RC console lets you load a very small subset of the OS along with a powerful subset of OS func-tions. Previously, for example, if a service went down while NT 4.0 was running and you needed toreboot the server, you might be in trouble if the Last Known Good Configuration recovery optionfailed to bring your system back. With the RC, you can start and stop services, format disks, and copy and replace files already on the disk. Basically, the RC contains much of what you
ll need shouldthings on a particular Windows 2003 or Win2K server go awry.
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