1.2 MEANING AND DEFINITION OF JOURNALISM
Journalism is a form of communication based on asking, and answering, thequestions Who? What? How? Where? When? Why?
is anything that contributes in some way in gathering, selection, processing of news and current affairs for the press, radio, television, film, cable,internet, etc.
is a discipline of collecting, analyzing, verifying, and presenting newsregarding current events, trends, issues and people. Those who practice journalismare known as journalists.Journalism is defined by Denis Mc Quail as ‘
paid writing for public media withreference to actual and ongoing events of public relevance’
.Journalism can also be defined as:1.The collection and editing of news for presentation through the media2.The public press
An academic study concerned with the collection and editing of news
the management of a news medium
Writing characterized by a direct presentation of facts or description of
events without an attempt at interpretation
Writing designed to appeal to current popular taste or public interestThe words ‘
’ and ‘
’ are derived from the French‘
l’ which in its turn comes from the Latin term ‘
’ or ‘daily’. TheActa Diurna, a handwritten bulletin put up daily in the Forum, the main publicsquare in ancient Rome, was perhaps the world’s first newspaper. Later, pamphlets, gazettes, news books, news sheets, letters came to be termed as ‘news paper’. Those who wrote for them were first called news writers and later journalists.Thus, Journalism can be one of the most exciting jobs around. One goes into work not necessarily knowing what you are going to be doing that day. Journalists get tomeet powerful people, interesting people, inspiring people, heroes, villains andcelebrities. The chance to know something and to tell the world about it is exciting.One also gets chance to indulge a passion for writing and the opportunity to seek the truth and campaign for justice. And then there’s the excitement of seeing your