Wear, 133 (1989) 39 - 4539
FRICTION-INDUCED NOISE AND VIBRATION OF DISC BRAKES*
S. K. THEE, P. H. S. TSANG and Y. S. WANG~~l~~~~-Sj~na~
~~#~o~~ue Technical Center, 900 West Maple Road, MI 48084(U.S.A. j
excitation theories have been proposed in the literature.These theories are found to be unsatisfactory for explaining the noiseexcitation phenomenon.
In this paper, we propose a simple mechanicalimpact (hammering) model for brake noise generation. This model isindependent of friction variation during the period of decreasing slidingspeed.
-4 brake system must meet certain customer
requirements forperformance, durability and noise. In recent years, disc brake noise hasbecome an issue of growing concern to the automotive industry, especiallyto the manufacturers of disc brake systems and friction materials. Brakenoise is a very complex phenomenon owing to the design of the disc brakesystem and its operating conditions. Although numerous studies of thisphenomenon have been carried out throughout the years, understanding ofits excitation mechanisms remains rather limited. Several mechanisms fornoise excitation have been proposed in the literature. North [l
andLang and Smales 141 gave excellent surveys of these mechanisms. In general,the various proposed excitation mechanisms can be roughly grouped intotwo major schools of thought. First, it is commonly believed that the brakesqueal is caused by a rapid increase in the coefficient of friction withdecreasing speed in braking,
the p us. speed curve. Fosberry andHolubecki [ 5,6], among others> conducted extensive experimental investiga-tions in this area. Secondly, in the case where there is no apparent change infriction, brake squeal is believed to be caused by a system instability relatedto the interaction of the structural components of the brake system. Earlesand Soar , Milner  and others contributed significantly to the advance-ment of the instability theory. Most recently Murakami et al,  proposed
“Paper presented at the International Conference on Wear of Materials, Denver, CO,U.S.A., April 8
14, 1989.004%1648/89/$3.50@ Elsevier Sequoia/Printed in The Netherlands