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Hostplant List

Hostplant List

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Published by Mark Etheridge
Larval host plants for butterflies of the Washington, DC area.
Larval host plants for butterflies of the Washington, DC area.

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Published by: Mark Etheridge on Mar 27, 2008
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Hostplant Listfile://localhost/Users/drkilmer/Sites/Etheridge%20Place/Plantlist.html1 of 513/27/08 12:32 PM
Larval Hostplant List forButterflies of theWashington, DCArea
DRAFT - last updated April 3, 1998
Asclepias linearis
© Dale ClarkE-mail Mark Etheridge
 
The following is a list of plants which are recorded as being hostplants for butterflies found in theWashington, DC area. For the purpose of this list, the DC Area is defined as The District of Columbia,Arlington, Alexandria and Fairfax Counties in Virginia, and Montgomery and Prince George's Countiesin Maryland. The information is gathered from various sources, and is intended to be as complete aspossible. However, new butterfly hostplants are being reported all the time, and some existing recordsmay later prove to be erroneous. This list includes
only
butterflies and plants reported as occuring in theWashington, DC area.I have included information for the frequency of occurrence in the Washington, DC area for thebutterflies listed. These should be used as rough guidelines. Keep in mind also that, while the flightperiod for a particular butterfly may extend only into May or June, the larvae may be found much later.Many larvae overwinter. Also, the flight periods listed are general. The butterfly may be seen flyingslightly earlier or later than the given range, and there may be periods within each range when thebutterfly is not on the wing, since it is between broods.I have also listed the butterflies by current Scientific and Common names. Do not be surprised if thename differs from that in your field guide. Scientific and Common names do change, and undoubtedlymany of the names on the list below will be obsolete in time.Please also note that this list is
not
intended to give a complete listing of all recorded hostplants for agiven species. I have tried to include
only
those plants which may be expected to occur in the
 
Hostplant Listfile://localhost/Users/drkilmer/Sites/Etheridge%20Place/Plantlist.html2 of 513/27/08 12:32 PM
Washington, DC area.Each plant entry is followed by a list of Washington area butterfly species which are recorded as usingthat plant as a hostplant for its larvae. Plant names followed by (N) or (I) indicate that that plant is a"Native" or "Introduced" species to our area. A butterfly species listing followed by "(?)" indicates thatthat species is suspected of using that plant as a hostplant, but the relationship has not been verified.
HERBACEOUS PLANTS:POACEAE - Grass Family
 Agropyron repens
- Quackgrass, Witchgrass (I)
 
 Polites mystic
- Long Dash (Rare) Carroll Co., MD
 Agrostis spp.
- Bentgrass
 
 Hylephila phyleus
- Fiery Skipper (Common - Aug.-Oct.) 
 Hesperia leonardus
- Leonard's Skipper (Sept.) Local/Uncommon 
 Amblyscirtes vialis
- Common Roadside Skipper (May, L. July-E. Aug.)Uncommon
 Agrostis stolonifera
- Redtop
 
Thymelicus lineola
- European Skipper (L. May-June) Common
 Andropogon spp.
- Beardgrass
 
Cercyonis pegala
- Wood Nymph (Late June - Early Sept.) Common
 Andropogon gerardi
- Bluejoint Turkeyfoot
 
 Hesperia metea
- Cobweb Skipper (May) Uncommon 
 Atrytonopsis hianna
- Dusted Skipper (L. May-June) Uncommon 
 Atrytone logan
- Delaware Skipper (July) Uncommon
 Andropogon scoparius
- Little Bluestem, Prairie Beardgrass
 
 Hesperia sassacus
- Indian Skipper (Rare)
 Hesperia metea
- Cobweb Skipper (May) Uncommon 
 Hesperia leonardus
- Leonard's Skipper (Sept.) Local/Uncommon 
 Nastra lherminier 
- Swarthy Skipper (May-Sept.) Common 
 Polites origenes
- Crossline Skipper (L. May-Sept.) Common 
 Atrytonopsis hyanna
- Dusted Skipper (L. May-June) Uncommon
 Andropogon virginicus
- Broom-sedge
 
Hostplant Listfile://localhost/Users/drkilmer/Sites/Etheridge%20Place/Plantlist.html3 of 513/27/08 12:32 PM
 
 Hesperia metea
- Cobweb Skipper (May) Uncommon
 Avena fatua
- Wild Oats
 
Cercyonis pegala
- Wood Nymph (Late June - Early Sept.) Common 
 Amblyscirtes vialis
- Common Roadside Skipper (May, L. July-E. Aug.) Uncommon
 Brachyelytrum erectum
 
 Enodia anthedon
- Northern Pearly Eye (June and Aug.) Rare/Uncommon
Cynodon dactylon
- Bermuda Grass, Wire Grass (I)
 
 Hylephila phyleus
- Fiery Skipper (Common - Aug.-Oct.) 
 Hermeuptychia hermes
- Carolina Satyr (July, Sept.-E. Oct.) Local/Rare 
 Lerodea eufala
- Eufala Skipper (Stray) 
 Atalopedes campestris
- Sachem (May-Oct.) Uncommon-Abundant 
 Polites vibex
- Whirlabout (L. Aug. - Mid. Nov.) Stray 
 Amblyscirtes vialis
- Common Roadside Skipper (May, L. July-E. Aug.) Uncommon
 Dactylis glomerata
- Orchard Grass (I)
 
Megisto cymela
- Little Wood Satyr (Common Mid. May-June) (Uncommon L. June-Mid. Aug.)
 Danthonia spicata
- Poverty Grass
 
 Hesperia leonardus
- Leonard's Skipper (Sept.) Local/Uncommon 
 Hesperia sassacus
- Indian Skipper (Rare)
 Dicanthelium clandestinum
- Deer-Tongue Grass
 
Wallengrenia egeremet 
- Northern Broken Dash (E. June-July, Mid. Aug.-Sept.) Common 
 Polites themistocles
- Tawny-Edged Skipper (L. May-Oct.) Uncommon 
 Digitaria filiformis
- Finger Grass
 
 Polites themistocles
- Tawny-Edged Skipper (L. May-Oct.)Uncommon
 Digitaria sanguinalis
- Crabgrass
 
 Hylephila phyleus
- Fiery Skipper (Common - Aug.-Oct.) 
Wallengrenia otho
- Southern Broken Dash (Rare) Charles Co., MD 
 Atalopedes campestris
- Sachem (May-Oct.) Uncommon-Abundant
 Distichlis spicata
- Seashore Saltgrass

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