INTRODUCTION TO PERSONALITY
can be defined as a dynamic andorganized set of characteristics possessed by a person that uniquelyinfluences his or hercognitions, motivations, andbehaviorsin various
situations. The word "personality" originates from theLatin
,which meansmask. Significantly, in thetheatreof the ancient Latin-
speaking world, themaskwas not used as a plot device to
theidentity of a character, but rather was a convention employed torepresent or
that character.Almost everyday we describe and assess the personalities of thepeople around us. Whether we realize it or not, these daily musings onhow and why people behave as they do are similar to what personalitypsychologists do.While our informal assessments of personality tend to focus more onindividuals, personality psychologists instead use conceptions of personality that can apply to everyone. Personality research has led tothe development of a number of theories that help explain how andwhy certain personality traits develop.
Components of Personality
While there are many different theories of personality, the first step isto understand exactly what is meant by the term
A brief definition would be that personality is made up of the characteristicpatterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make a personunique. In addition to this, personality arises from within the individualand remains fairly consistent throughout life.Some of the fundamental characteristics of personality include:
- There is generally a recognizable order andregularity to behaviors. Essentially, people act in the same waysor similar ways in a variety of situations.