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Personality Presentation

Personality Presentation

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Published by Atif Jamil
Theory on Personality Presentation.
Theory on Personality Presentation.

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Published by: Atif Jamil on Dec 06, 2009
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INTERNATIONAL ISLMIC UNIVERSITYISLAMABADPRESENTATIONTOPIC: PERSONALITYCOURSE CODE: GEN 402SUBMITTED TO: SIR INAM-UL-HAQSUBMITTED BY:
KHIZAR HUSSAIN KHAN: 2509SULEMAN JAVED: 2526M. AFTAB AKHTAR: 2527ATIF JAMEEL: 2530
DATED: 16
TH
OCTOBER-09
 
INTRODUCTION TO PERSONALITY
Personality
can be defined as a dynamic andorganized set of characteristics possessed by a person that uniquelyinfluences his or hercognitions, motivations, andbehaviorsin various situations. The word "personality" originates from theLatin 
 persona
,which meansmask. Significantly, in thetheatreof the ancient Latin- speaking world, themaskwas not used as a plot device to
disguise
theidentity of a character, but rather was a convention employed torepresent or
typify 
that character.Almost everyday we describe and assess the personalities of thepeople around us. Whether we realize it or not, these daily musings onhow and why people behave as they do are similar to what personalitypsychologists do.While our informal assessments of personality tend to focus more onindividuals, personality psychologists instead use conceptions of personality that can apply to everyone. Personality research has led tothe development of a number of theories that help explain how andwhy certain personality traits develop.
Components of Personality
While there are many different theories of personality, the first step isto understand exactly what is meant by the term
 personality.
A brief definition would be that personality is made up of the characteristicpatterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make a personunique. In addition to this, personality arises from within the individualand remains fairly consistent throughout life.Some of the fundamental characteristics of personality include:
Consistency
- There is generally a recognizable order andregularity to behaviors. Essentially, people act in the same waysor similar ways in a variety of situations.
 
Psychological and physiological
- Personality is apsychological construct, but research suggests that it is alsoinfluenced by biological processes and needs.
Impact behaviors and actions
- Personality does not justinfluence how we move and respond in our environment; it also
causes
us to act in certain ways.
Multiple expressions
- Personality is displayed in more than just behavior. It can also be seen in out thoughts, feelings, closerelationships, and other social interactions
.
PERSONALITY THEORIES
Behavioral Theories
Behavioral theories suggest that personality is a result of interactionbetween the individual and the environment. Behavioral theoristsstudy observable and measurable behaviors, rejecting theories thattake internal thoughts and feelings into account. Behavioral theoristsincludeB. F. SkinnerandAlbert Bandura.
Psychodynamic Theories
Psychodynamic theories of personality are heavily influenced by thework of Sigmund Freud, and emphasize the influence of theunconscious mind and childhood experiences on personality.Psychodynamic theories includeSigmund Freud’s psychosexual stagetheoryandErik Erickson’s stages of psychosocial development.  Freud believed the three components of personality were the id, theego, and the superego. The id is responsible for all needs and urges,while the superego for ideals and moral. The ego moderates betweenthe demands of the id, the superego, and reality.

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