Sufism 1- TasawufPage 3 of 5http://sunnah.org/tasawwuf/sufidef.html01-Mar-01As a result of their decency and
, they were able to convince wealthy people to build mosques anddormitories (
) throughout the Ummah of Islam, offering free food and free lodging. Thus Islamspread quickly from one country to another through khaniqahs and mosques. Such places, in which thepoor could eat and sleep and the homeless could find shelter, were a cure for the hearts of the poor andwere a connection between the rich and the poor, between black, yellow, red and white, between Araband non-Arab.The Prophet (s) said in hadith,
"There is no difference between Arabs and non-Arabs except through righteousness.
"These places made people to come together from all races and nations. Sufis kept the Sunnah and theShari'ah. Their history is full of bravery and struggle in the way of Allah,
jihad fi sabeell-illah
, leavingtheir countries, seeking the hearts of people in every place to convert as many as possible through onemethod, which is love. To love everyone without distinctions of race, age and gender. They saweveryone as deserving of respect especially women, the downtrodden and the poor. Sufis were likebright stars, shining throughout the world, encouraging everyone to
'jihad fi sabeel-illah,'
striving in theway of Allah, to spread Islam, to help the poor, the homeless and those in need, both far and the near.They reached with their iman, the middle of Asia, up to India, Pakistan, Tashkent, Bukhara, Daghistan,and other areas such as China, Malaysia, Indonesia, etc.True Sufi people never deviated from the Shari'ah and the Sunnah of the Prophet and the Qur'an,regardless of the exuberance of the ecstatic utterances of some Sufis and some explanations that revealedthe Greatness of God and the mercy and purity of His Beloved Messenger, Beloved Muhammad (s).The main two sources of tasawwuf were the Holy Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet (s) as it wasconveyed through the understanding of Islam of Sayiddina Abu Bakr (
) and SayiddinaAli (
) who are considered the two sourcemasters of the Sufi orders. SayiddinaAbu Bakr (r) was representing one stream of
. The Prophet has said about him, "whateverGod poured in my heart, I poured into the heart of Abu Bakr"
"ma sab-Allahu fee sadree shayan illawa sababtuhu fee sadree Abi Bakrin." (Hadiqa Nadiah
published in Cairo, 1313 H. p. 9). Allah saidin Holy Qur'an,'
...for God did indeed help him when the unbelievers drove him out: he had no more than oneCompanion: they two were in the cave
.' (9, 40).And the Prophet said in another hadith "
the sun never rose on anyone better than Abu Bakr except the prophets.
" (see Suyuti, History of Caliphs, Cairo, 1952, p. 46).There are many other hadiths explaining the station of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq. The other stream of Tasawwuf came through Sayiddina Ali (r), about whom there are very many hadiths that would takemany pages to explain. Finally, the Sunnah of the Prophet and the Shari'ah, which represent obligations,and Ihsan, which represents good manners, were all embodied in the character of the Sufi scholars,beginning with Sayiddina Abu Bakr (r), the first caliph of the Prophet (s) up until today.In the 13th Century Hijri (the 19th A.C.) a new school appeared, influenced by the teachings of twoscholars of Islam of the 7th C. Hijri, (14th A.C.). This school was a new school in Islam, which thoughbased in the Hanbali school was different from it in 'aqida. Though this school also accepted
,it kept a much more restrictive and narrow interpretation of what is allowed in Islam than the first FourSchools.