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Discus Throw

Discus Throw

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Published by: karimayonis on Dec 06, 2009
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Discus throw
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation, search "Discus" redirects here. For other uses, seeDiscus (disambiguation).Statue of discus thrower  in Botanic Garden,Copenhagen, Denmark  The
discus throw
is an event intrack and fieldcompetition, in which an athlete throws aheavydisc— called a
discus
— in an attempt to mark a farther distance than his or her competitors. It is anancientsport, as evidenced by the 5th century BC Myron statue,
. Although not part of themodern pentathlon,it was one of the events of the ancient pentathlon,which can be dated at least back to 708 BC.
The discus throw is a routine part of most modern track and field meets at all levels and is asport which is particularlyiconicof the Olympic Games. The men's competition has been a  part of the modernSummer Olympic Gamessince thefirst Olympiad in 1896. Images of  discus throwers figured prominently in advertising for early modern Games, suchas/object/gallery_uk.asp?ObjId=64 Discus Thrower stamps sold to help build facilities at the1896 games]</ref> andthe main postersfor the 1920and1948 Summer Olympics.
The women's competition was added to the Olympic program in the1928 games, althoughthey had been competing at some national and regional levels previously.
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[edit] Description
The discus, the object to be thrown, is a heavylenticular  discwith a weight of 2kilograms (4 lb 7 oz) and diameter of 220 mm (8.66 inches) for the men's event, and a weight of 1 kg(2 lb 3 oz) and diameter of 181 mm (7.17 inches) for the women's event. In U.S. high schooltrack and field, boys typically throw a discus weighing 1.616 kg (3 lb 9 oz) and the girlsthrow the 1 kg (2.2 lb) women's discus. The discus can be thrown starting at age 11 (midgetdivision). Most children throw the 1 kg discus. The discus usually has sides made of rubber, plastic, wood, or metal with a metal rim and a metal core to attain the weight. A discus withmore weight in the rim produces greater angular momentum for any given spin rate, and thusmore stability, although it is more difficult to throw. A practice discus made of solid rubber isoften used in High School; it is cheaper, more durable, and easier to learn to throw (due to itsmore equal distribution of weight, as opposed to the heavy rim weight of the metal rim/corediscus).To make a throw, the competitor starts in a slightly recessed concrete-surfaced circle of 2.5 meters (8 feet 2½ inches) diameter. The thrower typically takes an initial stance facingaway from the direction of the throw. He then spins around one and a half times through thecircle to build momentum, then releases his throw. The discus must land within a 35-degreearc marked by lines on the landing zone, and the competitor must not exit the circle until thediscus has landed, then must wait for the judge to give clearance to exit the ring from the rear half. The distance from the front edge of the circle to where the discus has landed ismeasured, and distances are rounded down to the nearest centimeter or half-inch. Thecompetitor's best throw from the allocated number of throws, typically three to six, isrecorded, and the competitor who legally throws the discus the farthest is declared thewinner. Ties are broken by determining which thrower has the longer second-best throw.The basic motion is a forehanded sidearm movement. The discus is spun off the index finger or the middle finger of the throwing hand, spinning clockwise when viewed above for a right-handed thrower, and vice-versa. As well as achieving maximum momentum in the discus onthrowing, the discus' distance is also determined by the trajectory the thrower imparts, as wellas the aerodynamic behaviour of the discus. Generally, throws into a moderate headwindachieve the maximum distance. Also, a faster-spinning discus imparts greater gyroscopicstability. <--- this may be true, but giving the discus more rotational kinetic energy is going toreduce the translational kinetic energy (how far the discus will go), so elite discus throwersuse discs with high rim weight to maximise the distance thrown. The technique of discusthrowing is quite difficult to master and needs lots of experience to get right, thus most topthrowers are thirty years old or more.
[edit] Breaking Down the Throw
 
There are six keys movements of the discus throw: wind up, move in rhythm, balance, rightleg engine, orbit, and delivery. The wind up is one of the most important aspects of the throw because it sets the tone for the entire throw. The wind up is both mental and technical. It ismental because the wind up sets you up for the rest of the throw. The following are thetechnical aspects: flat right foot, on the ball of your left foot, keep your weight evenlydistributed between your feet, and do not over do it (being overly active can result in thewaste of energy). Although the wind up sets the tone for the entire throw, the rhythm of thethrow is the most important aspect. It is necessary to move in rhythm through out the entirethrow. The best throwers contain the same amount of time in each phase while completing agreat throw. Focusing on rhythm can bring about the consistency to get in the right positionsthat many throwers lack. Executing a sound discus throw with solid technique requires perfect balance. This is due to the throw being a linear movement combined with a one and ahalf rotation and an implement at the end of one arm. Thus, a good discus thrower needs tomaintain balance within the circle.
Lempar cakera
Dari Wikipedia Bahasa Melayu, ensiklopedia bebas.
Isi kandungan
[sunting] Sejarah
Lempar cakera
ialah acara lontaran yang mula-mula dicipta sebagai acarasukan.Acara ini  juga dipertandingkan dalamSukan Olimpik Kuno Greek . Namun begitu,cakerayang digunakan adalah jauh lebih besar dan lebih berat daripada cakera yang digunakan pada hariini. Acara lempar cakera mula dipertandingkan dalam Sukan Olimpik pada tahun 1896.
[sunting] Peralatan
Cakera ini diperbuat daripada kepingan kayu tebal yang berbentuk bulat,leper,dan dibaluti besidi sekelilingnya, serta dimasukkan timah hitam seberat 1.923 kilogram pada bahagiantengah dan menghampiri 2 kilogram untuk atlet lelaki.
[sunting] Peraturan dan Teknik 
Bagi mengelakkan cakera dilempar ke merata tempat, satu kawasan khas yang disediakan berbentuk segi empat sama dengan jejari 2.5 meter. Teknik dan cara membuat lemparan

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