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Sustainable Development Commission

Sustainable Development Commission

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Published by: Daisy on Dec 06, 2009
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Sustainable Development Commission
Breakthroughs or the twenty-frst century
 

Breakthroughs or the twenty-frst century
Sustainable Development Commission
 
Contents
 Acknowledgements
The Sustainable Development Commission is extremely grateul to all the organisationsand individuals who contributed to the ‘Breakthroughs or the 21st Century’ project.We would like to thank everyone who submitted ideas to the SDC and participatedin the testing phase. Our particular thanks goes to the Ideas Champions or theircollaboration on this report and in the Breakthroughs event on 1st July 2009.We are also grateul to the ollowing organisations or supporting the Breakthroughsevent: Ashden Trust, Co-operative Group, Nesta, WRAP, Natural England, Marks andSpencer, Ecotricity, Wessex Water, Carbon Trust and Willmott Dixon.
Preparedby
 Claire Monkhouse, Jonathon Porritt and Andrew Lee.
Wthspecalthanksto
Victor Anderson, Maria Arnold, Jaime Blakeley-Glover, Elizabeth Chatterjee, LindseyColbourne, Jennier Crees, DCSF Children & Youth Board, Sue Dibb, Sara Eppel, HelenEveleigh, Ian Fenn, Susan Gransden, Minas Jacob, Duncan Kay, Simon Kitchen, AlanKnight, Louise Lord, AJ McConville, Zoe McGuire, Alice Owen, Shivani Reddy, JakeReynolds, Charles Seaord, Rhian Thomas, Farooq Ullah, Sophie Unwin, We Are WhatWe Do, Kay West, Alice Williams, Rebecca Willis, Shelagh Young and Youth Parliament.
Credts
Copy writing Roger EastDesign Positive2 and Andy LongPhotos Cover © photodisc, page 1 © Paul Hearteld, page 7 © Paul Glendell,page 12 © Andy Hay (rspb-images.com), page 13 © David Norton (rspb-images.com), page 14 © digital vision, page 17 © SDC, page 19 © alamy,page 24 © Jerome Dutton/SDC, page 29 © Fair Shares, Fair Choice, page33 © EMEC, page 34 © Ashden Awards, © Kyoto Energy.
1Foreword2FindingBreakthroughs6TheneedforBreakthroughs
The Breakthrough ideas
8Breakthroughsforsustainablelives17Breakthroughsforsustainableplaces24Breakthroughsinthetransitiontoasustainable,lowcarboneconomy36Makingithappen37ListofBreakthroughideascontributors39References
 
‘Whateverttakes,oraslongasttakes’
That phrase has become the watchword o governmentsaround the world when it comes to sorting out the implosionin capital markets. For the last eighteen months, they’vebeen working together in unprecedented unity to try andrestore economic stability.Compare that, however, with governments’ combinedresponse to accelerating climate change, collapsingecosystems, the Millennium Development Goals and so on– the sum o all those civilisation-threatening crises identiedby governments rom the early 1990s onwards. Stumbling,uninspired incrementalism would be a generous description.That may now be changing. President Obama has seizedhold o the climate change agenda, and has inspired peopleall over the world with his plans or getting rid o nuclearweapons. Governments o many dierent persuasions arecompletely re-thinking their strategies to help protect therainorests. China is driving orward a number o ‘disruptiveinnovation’ programmes on renewable energy andtransportation that could astonish everyone. The UK’s ClimateChange Act has become the rst legislation in the world toset legally-binding short, medium and long-term targets orreducing greenhouse gases.But setting targets, however ambitious they may be, isnot o itsel a breakthrough. The increasing levels o R&D orsustainable technologies is not o itsel a breakthrough. Andmaking sure that things are at least not getting worse is not,o itsel, a breakthrough. We all know that things need to geta very great deal better very quickly indeed.Views dier as to just how much time we’ve got tomake those changes. On climate change, very little, say anincreasingly worrying number o very eminent scientists.I that’s true, and i we pick up on Lord Stern’s advice togovernments that up to 2% o annual GDP will need to beinvested in a rapid transition to a low-carbon world, howlong beore ‘whatever it takes, or as long as it takes’ alsobecomes the watchword o global climate diplomacy?And climate change, however big and daunting it maybe, is only one acet o the broader sustainable developmentagenda. It is now more than our years since the UKGovernment published its second Sustainable DevelopmentStrategy, ‘Securing the Future’. During that time there hasundoubtedly been some progress. We have cleaner air.More o our waste is re-used and recycled. Crime rates arealling, people are living longer and, until recently, we wereexperiencing a period o steady economic growth and highlevels o employment.But on the whole, we have still not seen the kind otransormation that is needed. Indeed, the most recentevidence tells us that levels o inequality in the UK have
not
been reduced since 1997, which demonstrates justhow ar we have still to go in terms o creating a genuinelysustainable economy. We seem bogged down on so manydierent ronts.That’s why, in 2008, the Sustainable DevelopmentCommission launched ‘Breakthroughs or the 21st Century’.We wanted to bring together a dynamic and hard-hittingportolio o ideas that could really inspire and motivatepolicy-makers and others to set the UK much more decisivelyon the path to becoming a sustainable society.See what you think about these potential breakthroughs.I you’re excited by them, what can you do to help makethem a reality? They may not be the sum total o what’srequired, so we encourage everyone to come up with theirown – and make
them
happen! Jonathon Porritt
Charman,SustanableDevelopmentCommsson
Foreword

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