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Sejarah Perpustakaan Di Malaysia

Sejarah Perpustakaan Di Malaysia

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Published by: aqil zafran on Dec 06, 2009
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01/02/2013

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- Bermula tahun 1956, apabila
Malayan Library Group
(MLG) menghantarmemorandum iaitu 
Public Library Services for the Federation of Malaya.
- Memorandom ini mencadangkan penubuhan Lembaga Perpustakaan Negara yangmempunyai kuasa ekseklusif bagi memulakan perkhidmatan Perpustakaan Negara.- Pada tahun 1959-1961, usaha ke arah menubuhkan Perpustakaan Negara digerakkanoleh beberapa badan profesional, persatuan & pertubuhan seperti PersatuanPerpustakaan Malaysia, organisasi swasta dan orang perseorangan.- Pada tahun 1962, Yayasan Lee menyumbangkan derma sebanyak RM500,000.00 bagimemulakan tabung Perpustakaan Negara.- Tahun 1963, Arkib Negara Malysia menyediakan laporan kajian berkenaan penubuhanPerpustakaan Negara di Kuala Lumpur.- Tahun 1966, kerajaan memberikan tanggungjawab menubuhkan PerpustakaanNegara kepada Jawatankuasa Perpustakaan Negara. Akta Pemeliharaan Buku-bukutelah diluluskan.[Telah dimansuhkan dan diganti dengan Klik sini..] {Soalan PTK 1/2009}- Akta ini mewajibkan penerbit di Malaysia menyerahkan 2 naskah buku setiapterbitan.- Tahun 1972, pada 1 September ;Akta Perpustakaan Negara 1972 (Akta 80) diluluskan& Bahagian Rujukan dibuka kepada awam di Bangunan UMBC.- Tahun 1975, Perkhidmatan pinjaman awam dimulakan.- Tahun 1977, PNM menjadi Jabatan Kerajaan Persekutuan.- Tahun 1982, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia menjadi Pusat Kebangsaan bagi
International Standart Book
(ISBN).- Tahun 1983, Perpustakaan Negara diisytiharkan sebagai Pusat Manuskrip Melayu.- Tahun 1986,Akta Penyerahan Bahan Perpustakaan 1986mengantikan AktaPemeliharaan Buku-Buku 1966.- Tahun 1987, akta dipinda kepada ;Akta Perpustakaan Negara (Pindaan) 1987(Akta A667)- Tahun 1988, PNM memperoleh sistem komputer pertamanya dan Sistem PembekalanPenerbitan di lancarkan.- Tahun 1990, PNM memulakan sistem Katalog Awam Atas Talian atau
Online Public Access Catalogue
(OPAC).- Tahun 1992, PNM berpindah ke bangunan barunya di Jalan Tun Razak hingga kini.
Sumber : Panduan Mengurus Perpustakaan
Library
 
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation, search "Reading room" redirects here. For other uses, see Reading room (disambiguation). For other uses, seeLibrary (disambiguation).Vancouver 's public library inCanada. Bangalore Central Library is designated as State Central Reference Library and is open to publiconly for consultation of documents with in its premises.A
library
is a collection of sources, resources, and services, and the structure in which it ishoused; it is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, or a private
 
individual. In the more traditional sense, a library is acollection of  books. It can mean the collection, the building or room that houses such a collection, or both. The term "library" hasitself acquired a secondary meaning: "a collection of useful material for common use," and inthis sense is used in fields such ascomputer science,mathematics, statistics,electronicsand  biology.Public and institutional collections and services may be intended for use by people who choosenot to — or cannot afford to — purchase an extensive collection themselves, who need materialno individual can reasonably be expected to have, or who require professional assistance withtheir research. In addition to providing materials, libraries also provide the services of librarianswho are experts at finding and organizing information and at interpreting information needs.However, with the sets and collection of media and of mediaother than books for  storing information, many libraries are now also repositories and access points for  maps, prints,or other  documentsand various storage media such as microform(microfilm/microfiche),audio tapes, CDs, cassettes, videotapes, DVDs,and video games. Libraries may also provide public facilities to access subscription databases and the Internet. Thus, modern libraries are increasingly being redefined as places to get unrestricted access toinformationin many formats and from many sources. They are understood as extending beyondthe physical walls of a building, by including material accessible by electronic means, and by providing the assistance of librarians in navigating and analyzing tremendous amounts of knowledge with a variety of digital tools.
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