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Sejarah Perpustakaan Di Malaysia

Sejarah Perpustakaan Di Malaysia

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Published by: aqil zafran on Dec 06, 2009
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- Bermula tahun 1956, apabila
Malayan Library Group
(MLG) menghantarmemorandum iaitu 
Public Library Services for the Federation of Malaya.
- Memorandom ini mencadangkan penubuhan Lembaga Perpustakaan Negara yangmempunyai kuasa ekseklusif bagi memulakan perkhidmatan Perpustakaan Negara.- Pada tahun 1959-1961, usaha ke arah menubuhkan Perpustakaan Negara digerakkanoleh beberapa badan profesional, persatuan & pertubuhan seperti PersatuanPerpustakaan Malaysia, organisasi swasta dan orang perseorangan.- Pada tahun 1962, Yayasan Lee menyumbangkan derma sebanyak RM500,000.00 bagimemulakan tabung Perpustakaan Negara.- Tahun 1963, Arkib Negara Malysia menyediakan laporan kajian berkenaan penubuhanPerpustakaan Negara di Kuala Lumpur.- Tahun 1966, kerajaan memberikan tanggungjawab menubuhkan PerpustakaanNegara kepada Jawatankuasa Perpustakaan Negara. Akta Pemeliharaan Buku-bukutelah diluluskan.[Telah dimansuhkan dan diganti dengan Klik sini..] {Soalan PTK 1/2009}- Akta ini mewajibkan penerbit di Malaysia menyerahkan 2 naskah buku setiapterbitan.- Tahun 1972, pada 1 September ;Akta Perpustakaan Negara 1972 (Akta 80) diluluskan& Bahagian Rujukan dibuka kepada awam di Bangunan UMBC.- Tahun 1975, Perkhidmatan pinjaman awam dimulakan.- Tahun 1977, PNM menjadi Jabatan Kerajaan Persekutuan.- Tahun 1982, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia menjadi Pusat Kebangsaan bagi
International Standart Book
(ISBN).- Tahun 1983, Perpustakaan Negara diisytiharkan sebagai Pusat Manuskrip Melayu.- Tahun 1986,Akta Penyerahan Bahan Perpustakaan 1986mengantikan AktaPemeliharaan Buku-Buku 1966.- Tahun 1987, akta dipinda kepada ;Akta Perpustakaan Negara (Pindaan) 1987(Akta A667)- Tahun 1988, PNM memperoleh sistem komputer pertamanya dan Sistem PembekalanPenerbitan di lancarkan.- Tahun 1990, PNM memulakan sistem Katalog Awam Atas Talian atau
Online Public Access Catalogue
(OPAC).- Tahun 1992, PNM berpindah ke bangunan barunya di Jalan Tun Razak hingga kini.
Sumber : Panduan Mengurus Perpustakaan
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