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Agriculture Of Pakistan..

Agriculture Of Pakistan..

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Published by hary11
Agriculture of Pakistan And Its Importance In The Economy.
Agriculture of Pakistan And Its Importance In The Economy.

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Published by: hary11 on Dec 07, 2009
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04/13/2013

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 Introduction:
Pakistan has a rich and vast natural resource base,covering various ecological and climatic zones; hence thecountry has great potential for producing all types of foodcommodities. Agriculture has an important direct andindirect role in generating economic growth. Theimportance of agriculture to the economy is seen in threeways: first, it provides food to consumers and fibres fordomestic industry; second, it is a source of scarce foreignexchange earnings; and third, it provides a market forindustrial goods.Agriculture constitutes the largest sector of our economy.Majority of the population, directly or indirectly,dependent on this sector. It contributes about 24 percentof Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and accounts for half of employed labour force and is the largest source of foreignexchange earnings. It feeds whole rural and urbanpopulation. Realizing its importance, planners and policymakers are always keen to have reliable area andproduction statistics of agricultural crops well in time.Policy makers primarily need accurate and timelystatistics for the important crops such as wheat, cotton,rice, sugarcane, maize etc. However, in recent years, dueto persistent hikes in the prices of essential commoditieslike pulses, onions, potatoes, chillies and tomatoes thesecrops have also gained in economic importance.
 Land Use, Farming Systems And Institutions:
The total geographical area of Pakistan is 79.6 millionhectares. About 27 percent of the area is currently undercultivation. Of this area, 80 percent is irrigated. In thisregard, Pakistan has one of the highest proportions of irrigated cropped area in the world. The cultivable wastelands offering good possibilities of crop production
 
amount to 8.9 million hectares. Growth in cropped area isvery impressive: from 11.6 million hectares in 1947 to22.6 million hectares in 1997.Most of Pakistan is classified as arid to semi-arid becauserainfall is not sufficient to grow agricultural crops, forestand fruit plants and pastures. About 68 percent of thegeographical area has annual rainfall of 250 mm, whereasabout 24 percent has annual rainfall of 251 to 500 mm.Only 8 percent of the geographical area has annual rainfallexceeding 500 mm. Thus supplemental water is requiredfor profitable agricultural production, either fromirrigation or through water harvesting.Agriculture is largely dependent on artificial means of irrigation. Of the total cultivated area, about 82 percent oraround 17.58 million hectares is irrigated, while cropproduction in the remaining 3.96 million hectares dependsmainly upon rainfall. The Irrigation Canal Command Area(CCA) has been grouped into classes on the basis of thenature and severity of its limitations water logging,salinity, sodicity and texture. At present about one-fifth of the cultivated land in CCA is affected by water logging andsalinity to varying degrees. An additional area of 2.8million hectares suffers from sodicity. Notwithstandinghuge investments, the water table was 0 to 1.5 m under2.2 million hectares of irrigated land, 1.5 to 3 m under 6million hectares and 0to 3 m under 8 million hectares.Thus Pakistan needs to overhaul its entire drainage andreclamation strategy reduce its cost and make it efficient.
 Importance of Agricultue In The Economy of  Pakistan:
Agriculture is very important for Pakistan. It helps thecountry in the development of economy. Every country
 
has a vast land, which is used for agriculture. Pakistan isalso an agricultural country. Its total area is 7, 96,096square kilometers. 70% of our total population is living inthe villages. The major source of their living is agriculture.Agriculture employed 66% of the total workforce in 1950-51 but by 1999-2000. This figure dropped to 47.3%. Thisshows that people are now not interested in farming. Theyare doing jobs in industry and other fields.In Pakistan, the best area for agriculture is Punjab. Its soilis very fertile and its irrigation system is very fine. Itstotal is equal to quarter of the total area for Pakistan. Butit has 57% of the total cultivated land. In Pakistan, wehave two main crops, which are Kharif crops and Rabicrops. Kharif crops grow in Summer while Rabi crops growin Winter.The most important food crops in Pakistan are asfollowing:1. Wheat:- Wheat is a major need of our country. It isgrown on a large area. This crop is sown in October andNovember and harvested in April and May.2. Rice:- Pakistan produces over 4.3 million tons of rice.3. Maize:- Maize is a Kharif crop that grows in warmplaces.4. Millet:- These crops can grow even in poor soils.5. Pulses:- Pulses are good source of protein.The most important cash crop in Pakistan are asfollowing:-1. Cotton:- Cotton is our leading exports. Pakistanproduces 9.8 billions bales of cotton a year.

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