Pakistan has a rich and vast natural resource base,covering various ecological and climatic zones; hence thecountry has great potential for producing all types of foodcommodities. Agriculture has an important direct andindirect role in generating economic growth. Theimportance of agriculture to the economy is seen in threeways: first, it provides food to consumers and fibres fordomestic industry; second, it is a source of scarce foreignexchange earnings; and third, it provides a market forindustrial goods.Agriculture constitutes the largest sector of our economy.Majority of the population, directly or indirectly,dependent on this sector. It contributes about 24 percentof Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and accounts for half of employed labour force and is the largest source of foreignexchange earnings. It feeds whole rural and urbanpopulation. Realizing its importance, planners and policymakers are always keen to have reliable area andproduction statistics of agricultural crops well in time.Policy makers primarily need accurate and timelystatistics for the important crops such as wheat, cotton,rice, sugarcane, maize etc. However, in recent years, dueto persistent hikes in the prices of essential commoditieslike pulses, onions, potatoes, chillies and tomatoes thesecrops have also gained in economic importance.
Land Use, Farming Systems And Institutions:
The total geographical area of Pakistan is 79.6 millionhectares. About 27 percent of the area is currently undercultivation. Of this area, 80 percent is irrigated. In thisregard, Pakistan has one of the highest proportions of irrigated cropped area in the world. The cultivable wastelands offering good possibilities of crop production