BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENTBiomedical waste:
Biomedical wastes are defined as waste that is generated during thediagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals, or in research activities pertaining thereto, or in the production of biological.
Major sources of biomedical waste:
Broadly, biomedical waste is generated in the hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, pathology/microbiology laboratories, blood banks, animal house and veterinary institutes.Such a waste can also be generated at home if the health care is being provided there to the patient (e.g. dialysis, insulin, injections, dressing materials etc)
Biomedical waste management:
Bio medical waste management refers to the classification, identification, segregation andscientific disposal of bio medical waste managementHospital wastes have always been considered as potentially hazardous in view of the inherent potential for dissemination of infection. In recent years, a wider variety of potentiallyhazardous ingredients including antibiotics, cytotoxic drugs, corrosive chemicals andradioactive substance have become a part of the hospital waste.Hospital waste management is an area, which has come to the limelight recently as a result of the notification of the bio medical waste (management in handling) rules 1998. This fulfills along felt need of hospital administrators, nursing administrators, hospital engineers, sanitationsupervisors, laboratory personnel and student of hospital and health administration.It is the waste generated by the health care establishments, research facilities and laboratories.Waste may be generated during:Diagnosis, treatment of disease and immunization of diseases associated bio medicalresearch, and production and testing of biological.
Biohazard means any of the following
Laboratories waste, including but not limited to, specimen cultures from medical and pathological laboratories, culture and stock of infectious agent from research and industriallaboratories, wastes from the production of biological agents, discarded live and attenuatedvaccines, and culture dishes and devices used to transfer, inoculate and mix cultures or materials which may contain infectious agents and may pose a substantial threat to health. Allnon-sterilized cultures shall be presumed to be bio hazardous.Any specimens sent to a laboratory for micro biological analysis shall be presumed to be biohazardous.Surgical specimens include human or animal parts or tissues removed surgically or byautopsy shall be presumed to bio hazardous.
CLASSIFICATION AND CATEGORIES OF HOSPITAL WASTES