The computer was developing during 1965-1974. In it 100(hundred) transistor could be set by a chip of silicon .It was known as IC.After the use of IC the weight become lighter and smaller than before.
Fourth generation (1975-1999):
The computer of this generation are available from 1975 to 1999 .In these computer 1000 of transistor are set in one chip of siliconchip. As a result the size of computer is decreased. This is known as VLSI (very large scale integration) such types of computer needs lesselectric power, cover less space and work fast.
Fifth generation (1991-present time):
Since 1991- present time computer are developed more and more such computer would think and take decision and A biochip wouldbe used in it . This stage of computer is known as fifth generation computer.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF COMPUTER
The computer is developed as a result of man's search of fast and accurate calculating devices. One of the creative thinkers of 16
century was the American English man
he is considered to he the father of the computer science. Using of his idea about100 years later he was developed by Howard professor Howard Aiken. In history of computers. Because of his idea only, the dream of moderncomputer has come true. That is why he is famous as "Father of computer ".In Nepal it has been used since B.S. 2028. It has its own name. This was known as second generation computer of IBM Company. InNepal it known as
. In present time, there is more and more private computer trading center all over the Nepal. More and moreschools are teaching computer science and more than five thousand computers are busy for e-mail in Nepal. At present time the scope of computer science in our country is increasing rapidly day by day.
BASIC COMPONENTS OF COMPUTER
There are three types of basic components of computer which are as following.
Input Device: -
It is used to enter information and instructions. Keyboard and mouse is input device.
Processing Devices: -
It is a processor which process information according to the instruction of the program. CPU is the main processingdevice.
Output Device: -
These devices are the means of communication to the outside word where we get the output they are printer and monitor.
What is floppy disk? Write about them.
Floppy disk is a small quantity of data is stored. It is main advantage transfer data from one location to another location. It is cheap and easyto handle. Popularly it is called diskette. Mainly 2 (two) capacities floppy desk are found.1.2 M.B. =Mini floppy1.4 M.B. =Micro floppy.
What is Hard disk?
Hard disk is made of metallic oxide on both sides. It is permanently fixed in a drive unit. The hard disk cam store information faster and more storage capacity then floppy disk.
Memory is capacity for conduct the computer. It holds the program and data currently being used. There are two types of computer memory.
is permanent memory. When we cut off the power supply the information in Rom is not erased. We can't write in this memorycalled Rom (Read only memory).
It is temporary memory. When we cut off the power supply then memory will be loss. RAM stands for Random Asses Memory.
The keyboard is the basic input device that is used to enter data in to the computer. It is similarly with typewriter keyboard. Generally thereare three types of keyboard.
AT keyboard (With 103 key)
XT keyboard (With 83 key )
Enhanced keyboard (With 103 key).
CPU stands for central processing unit. It is the brain of computer. It controls & co- ordinate all the computer units and its related component.The CPU also controls the operations of the input and output devices and memory. Depending on the functions of CPU is divided in three units.
ALU (Arithmetic and Logic Unit)
Monitor or video display unit:
The screen, which is an example of out put device, is called monitor or video display unit. The monitors are classified in two types.
Printers are most common output device. The printer provides information in a permanent readable from, known as hard-copy output. Theprinted output from a printer may be data, program, results, or any other tests. Printers are classified in to various types. Depending upon thetechnology uses in manufacturing, the printers are categorized into.
Non- impact printer.
Ms-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System)Dos
: Dos is an abbreviation of Disk Operating System .Dos is the operating system developed for the disk drive. In the other word, the operatingsystem work on disk is known disk operating system.
It stands for Microsoft Disk Operating System. Ms –Dos was developed by Microsoft Corporation for the IBM (International BusinessMachine) computers.
An organized set or collection of software program that control the overall operation of the computer system is calledoperating system
The process of loading system files in computer memory is called booting. Booting is two type.