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Use of Haploids in Breeding Plant

Use of Haploids in Breeding Plant

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Published by elshawy

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: elshawy on Dec 07, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/07/2013

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se o oueuHaploid in BarleyHaploid in BarleyImprovementImprovement
11--
IntroductionIntroduction
--
Terminology and Background of Terminology and Background of HaploidsHaploids
22--
Advantages and LimitationsAdvantages and Limitations
33--
Haploid-Production SystemsHaploid-Production Systems
 
A- Chromosome Elimination (BulbosumA- Chromosome Elimination (BulbosumMethodMethod
(( 
B- Androgenesis (Anther CultureB- Androgenesis (Anther Culture
(( 
C- Genogenesis (Ovary CultureC- Genogenesis (Ovary Culture
(( 
D- Haploid Initiation GeneD- Haploid Initiation Gene
 
 
22..
 Terminology and Terminology andBackgroundBackground
HaploidHaploid: an individuals with the gametic: an individuals with the gametic
chromosomechromosomenumber in itsnumber in itssomatic cellssomatic cells
Doubled HaploidDoubled Haploid: an individual with the doubled: an individual with the doubled
 chromosome number of the haploidchromosome number of the haploid
MonoploidMonoploid--
haploid derived from a diploid,haploid derived from a diploid,
xx
is oneis onegenomic complement (n=x) as Barley (n=x=7).genomic complement (n=x) as Barley (n=x=7).
PolyhaploidPolyhaploid--
haploid from a polyploid (haploid from a polyploid (
nn
>
xx
)),,asas wheat n = 3x = 21; durum n = 2x = 14wheat n = 3x = 21; durum n = 2x = 14
 
 
 Year Population Processes Year Population Processes
InitialInitial
1st1st
crosses madecrosses made
AABB xAABB xaabbaabb2nd2nd
 
FF
11
 
AaBbAaBb
3rd F3rd F
22
1AABB 2AABb 1AAbb 2AaBB1AABB 2AABb 1AAbb 2AaBB4AaBb 2Aabb4AaBb 2Aabb
 
6.25% 1aaBB 2aaBb6.25% 1aaBB 2aaBb1aabb1aabb

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