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Reseach Paper

Reseach Paper

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Published by jmumert

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Published by: jmumert on Dec 07, 2009
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10/05/2012

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Mummert 1Jessica MummertProfessor PlathWriting 202.1128 December 2009Many years ago there was much less technology and the first thing to check when anaccident occurred was definitely not a cell phone record. Today, with technology growingrapidly with things like smart phones, iphones, and touch screens, our society sees devices, likecell phones, as needs instead of wants. They expect to have cell phones and to be able to drivewhile using these devices. People don’t see these devices for what they actually are—distractionfrom the roadway.Texting while driving is very dangerous. An experiment of stimulated driving wasconducted and it was shown that driving while operating a cell phone can be compared to drivingwhile intoxicated with ethanol. (Strayer, Drews, and Crouch 388). Also when drivers areengaged in a conversation on a cell phone they are likely to miss traffic signals (Strayer et al.). Astudy was conducted and it was shown that the integrated model approach helps to predict andevaluate the effects cell phone dialing has on driver performance (Salvucci 95). Cell phonesusage causes cell phone user to have higher variations in accelerator pedal position, drive moreslowly with more variation in speed and effort higher level of workload regardless of conversation difficulty (Rakauskas 453). Text messaging on a cell phone was associated with thehighest risk of all compared to dialing a cell phone or listening to one (Box). Participants in yetanother study were also shown to be objectively impaired in their performance when reading andwriting text messages (Robbins 3). In New York a crash killed five teens—the sheriff concludedthat text messaging happened right before and after the accident resulting in believing this was
 
Mummert 2the cause (Nelson, Atchley, and Little 438). Using cell phones while driving compromises safetyand driving while operating a cell phone increase your risk to crash by four times (Caird 2).Many states have already done something about cell phones while driving. New Jersey proposed a law to ban the sending of text messages while driving (Hodges). As of June 2008California, Connecticut, Delaware, Washington D.C., Illinois, Minnesota, Maryland, Maine, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, and WestVirginia have enacted legislation restricting cell phone use to minors and people with learner  permits (Caird 3). Overall forty-four countries have banned hand held cell phone use whiledriving. The United States has three states—New York, Washington D.C., and California (Cairdet al. 1282). On November 1, 2001 New York became the first state to ban the use of hand heldcell phones while driving (McCartt 11).As of July 1, 2001 there were more than 118 million cell phone subscribers (Strayer etal.). By December of 2002 it is estimated that 142 million people were subscribed to cell phonesand Americans talked over 600 billion minutes on these cell phones (McCartt 11). Then, by theend of 2004, there were over 158 million people subscribed to cell phones (Rakauskas 453).Some believe that informing people of these risks may not be sufficient enough to change their  behavior (Robbins 13). Worldwide currently were have over two billion people who aresubscribed to cell phones and that number is expected to top three billion this year (Hodges).Also, a number of companies have banned their employees from using a cell phone while drivingand on the job (Caird et al. 1282).In studies it was concluded that cell phone users spend about 60% of their time on that phone while driving (Strayer et al.) Canadian research has shown that a serious crash involvinginjury to a driver is increased by 38% when a cell phone is being used (Rakauskas 453). Teens
 
Mummert 3are four times more likely to get into a related crash or near crash event than their adultcounterparts (Box). A study in 2006 has shown that talking on a cell phone is the second andthird leading cause of car crashes (drowsiness was the first). 10% of cars on the road during thedaylight hours have a driver using a cell phone (Hodges). In a study by Walgalter and Mayhorn itwas shown that over 80% of their sample reported talking on a cell phone while driving(Hodges). Drivers frequently behave worse when alone and not being observed by a researcher (Caird 2).Texting while driving is an imperative problem in our society today. The youth of our world have been introduced into a technological era. Cell phones are part of this technology thatour youth partake in. People in our society today entwine their privilege of driving with thismaterial good with the result being a deadly combination. In 2006 it was proven that cell phoneusage was the second and third leading cause of crashes (Hodges). With this being said, thestatistics have only been increasing. Using a cell phone while operating a vehicle is detrimentalto everyone’s health whether it be the driver, passenger, or anyone else on the road. Cellular devices should be banned while operating any vehicle to alleviate the distraction from the roadthat they cause. There is no way to deplete the usage of cell phones but there is a way to helpencourage people to lower their usage. A ban should be placed on using cell phones whiledriving and financial burden should be placed on the people who do not follow this law—as infines. This ban will lower the usage of phones on the road, increase safety of the road, anddecrease crash and injury that resulted before these crashes.Driving while using a cell phone is a huge distraction from the roadway in front of thedriver. Studies were conducted to assess where drivers were looking while involved in a safety-critical event and performing cell phone tasks. The tasks that draw the driver’s eyes away fromthe forward roadway were those with the highest risk (Box). Using a cell and driving is the

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