UNIT 2 Continue
Verbs are in
when the doer is the subject. John wrote a letter to his mother.
is the doer; the verb is in active voice.Intransitive verbs always speak actively because the doer is always the subject.Verbs are in
when the receiver is the subject. In your study of transitive verbs,you learned that only transitive verbs can speak passively because only transitive verbs have areceiver. The letter was written by John.
is the receiver; the verb is in passive voice.We can recognize passive voice immediately because it is always made up of the irregular verbplus the third principal part of the verb.
Irregular verb+third principal part=passive voice
Was (past)givenwas givenWill be (future)foundwill be foundAre (present)chosenare chosenHas been (present perfect)takenhas been takenHad been (past perfect)brokenhad been brokenIschosenis chosenWe can also recognize the passive voice because the doer is not the subject.Books (receiver) were taken to the library. (doer not given)Report (receiver) was sent by my secretary. (doer is the object of
In the following sentences, underline the irregular verb and put parentheses aroundthe third principal part.
The money was (found) in the locker room last night.1.The note for my absence was signed by my mother.2.The gates of the U.S. Embassy were closed at 8:00 P.M.3.The water will be turned off in the morning.