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History of Optical Illusion

History of Optical Illusion

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Published by Dolly Monang

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Published by: Dolly Monang on Dec 08, 2009
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07/15/2013

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History Of Optical Illusion
A Famous IllusionBack in 1915, a cartoonist named W.E. Hill first published this drawing. It's hard to seewhat it's supposed to be.Is it a drawing of a pretty young girl looking away from us? Or is it an older womanlooking down at the floor?Well, it's both. The key is perception and what you expect to see.This simple line drawing is titled, "Mother, Father, and daughter" (Fisher, 1968) becauseit contains the faces of all three people in the title.How many faces can you find?Optical Art is a mathematically-oriented form of (usually) Abstract art, which usesrepetition of simple forms and colors to create vibrating effects, moiré patterns, anexaggerated sense of depth, foreground-background confusion, and other visual effects.In a sense all painting is based on tricks of visual perception: using rules of perspective togive the illusion of three-dimensional space, mixing colors to give the impression of lightand shadow, and so on. With Optical Art, the rules that the eye applies to makes sense of a visual image are themselves the "subject" of the artwork.In the mid-20th century, artists such as Josef Albers, Victor Vasarely, and M.C. Escher experimented with Optical Art. Escher's work, although not abstract, also dealsextensively with various forms of visual tricks and paradoxes.In the 1960's, the term "Op Art" was coined to describe the work of a growing group of abstract painters. This movement was led by Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Other Op
 
Artists included Richard Anuszkiewicz, Jesús-Rafael Soto, Kenneth Noland, FrançoisMorellet, and Lawrence Poons.Both of these antique optical illusions will trick your eyes into seeing a ghost-likefloating head. Read the instructions for each and you will be "seeing things" in no time.

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