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Police Malpractices (English) : Police Ki Gair-Ritiya

Police Malpractices (English) : Police Ki Gair-Ritiya

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Published by Mukesh K. Agrawal
Police are an important component of the criminal justice system expected to function in accordance with the rule of law. The credibility of the criminal justice system depends on the relative strength or weakness of the law and producers established for the police, the prosecution and the court system. The police are an arm of the state vested with the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and prevention of crimes against the state and private citizens. Enforcement entails taking notice of criminal infractions of the law as soon as they occur, ascertaining the faces of the case, apprehending the culprit who is subsequently presented by the prosecuting agency to the court, where the judge, considers the evidence brought before him during trial and decides whether the person so changed, is guilty or not. If found guilty the culprit is awarded punishment as laid down in the law with adequate opportunities provided for appeal against the decision at a higher court.


We are citizens have different experiences with the police. The police is there to ensure the safety of all citizens and for this reason it has been given some responsibilities and some powers. But that does not mean the police are above the law. They are in fact bound by the law and have to act in accordance with the law. But in order to ensure that police do not abuse the powers given to them it is necessary and rather important for us to know our rights vis-à-vis the police.


This book attempts to give an account of the citizen's rights in the criminal justice system. it is hoped that the book will prove to be useful resource tool for citizen's who wish to familiarize themselves with the justice system as well as citizen's who are frequently encounters with the functioning of the police.

You can also read this book in hindi from the link given below :

http://www.scribd.com/doc/23824070/Police-Malpractices-Hindi-Police-ki-Gair-Rritiya
Police are an important component of the criminal justice system expected to function in accordance with the rule of law. The credibility of the criminal justice system depends on the relative strength or weakness of the law and producers established for the police, the prosecution and the court system. The police are an arm of the state vested with the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and prevention of crimes against the state and private citizens. Enforcement entails taking notice of criminal infractions of the law as soon as they occur, ascertaining the faces of the case, apprehending the culprit who is subsequently presented by the prosecuting agency to the court, where the judge, considers the evidence brought before him during trial and decides whether the person so changed, is guilty or not. If found guilty the culprit is awarded punishment as laid down in the law with adequate opportunities provided for appeal against the decision at a higher court.


We are citizens have different experiences with the police. The police is there to ensure the safety of all citizens and for this reason it has been given some responsibilities and some powers. But that does not mean the police are above the law. They are in fact bound by the law and have to act in accordance with the law. But in order to ensure that police do not abuse the powers given to them it is necessary and rather important for us to know our rights vis-à-vis the police.


This book attempts to give an account of the citizen's rights in the criminal justice system. it is hoped that the book will prove to be useful resource tool for citizen's who wish to familiarize themselves with the justice system as well as citizen's who are frequently encounters with the functioning of the police.

You can also read this book in hindi from the link given below :

http://www.scribd.com/doc/23824070/Police-Malpractices-Hindi-Police-ki-Gair-Rritiya

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Published by: Mukesh K. Agrawal on Dec 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/01/2013

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Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative
The Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI) is an independent, non-partisan, international non-governmental organisation, mandated to ensure the
practical
realisation of human rights in the countries of the Commonwealth. In 1987, several Commonwealth professional associations founded CHRI. They believedthat while the Commonwealth provided member countries a shared set of values and legal principles fromwhich to work and provided a forum within which to promote human rights, there was little focus on theissues of human rights within the Commonwealth.The objectives of CHRI are to promote awareness of and adherence to the Commonwealth Harare Principles,the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other internationally recognised human rights instruments,as well as domestic instruments supporting human rights in Commonwealth member states.Through its reports and periodic investigations, CHRI continually draws attention to progress and setbacksto human rights in Commonwealth countries. In advocating for approaches and measures to preventhuman rights abuses, CHRI addresses the Commonwealth Secretariat, member governments and civilsociety associations. Through its public education programmes, policy dialogues, comparative research,advocacy and networking, CHRIs approach throughout is to act as a catalyst around its priority issues.The nature of CHRIs sponsoring organisations* allows for a national presence and an international network.These professionals can also steer public policy by incorporating human rights norms into their own work andact as a conduit to disseminate human rights information, standards and practices. These groups also bringlocal knowledge, can access policy makers, highlight issues, and act in concert to promote human rights.CHRI is based in New Delhi, India, and has offices in London, UK, and Accra, Ghana.
Executive Commitee:
Mr B.G. Verghese - Chairperson; Mr P.H. Parekh - Treasurer; Ms Maja Daruwala -Director.
Members:
Mr K.S. Dhillon, Mr R.V. Pillai, Ms Anu Aga, Dr B.K. Chandrashekar, Mr Bhagwan Das,Mr Harivansh, Mr Sanjoy Hazarika, Ms Poonam Muttreja, Prof Moolchand Sharma.
* Commonwealth Journalists Association, Commonwealth Lawyers Association, Commonwealth Legal Education Association,Commonwealth Parliamentary Association, Commonwealth Press Union and Commonwealth Broadcasting Association.
Design & Layout: Ranjan Kumar Singh, CHRI; Printed by: Matrix, New DelhiThanks to Indra Jeet Mistry for proofreading this document.ISBN: 81-88205-22-2Material from this report may be used, duly acknowledging the source.
Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative
CHRI HeadquartersCHRI London OfficeCHRI Africa Office
B-117, irst loorC/o Institute of Commonwealth StudiesC/o. The British CouncilSarvodaya Enclave28, Russell SquarePO Box GP 771New Delhi - 110017, INDIALondon WC1B 5DS, UKAccra, GhanaTel: +91-11-2685-0523, 2686-4678Tel: +44-020-7-862-8857Tel: +233-21-683068, 683069, 683070ax: +91-11-2686-4688ax: +44-020-7-862-8820ax: +233-21-683062E-mail: chriall@nda.vsnl.net.inE-mail: chri@sas.ac.ukE-mail: CHRI@gh.britishcouncil.org
Website: www.humanrightsinitiative.org
 
POLICE MALPRACTICES
Common Illegalities by the PoliceThe Standars they breach
Written by
Navaz Kotwal
Edited by
Maja Daruwala
Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative
2006

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