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Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense

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Published by loo_ney

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Published by: loo_ney on Dec 08, 2009
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CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTIONSimple present tense is the main formula in English grammar. From simple presenttense, we can develop another sentence, such as past tense. Simple present tense show us theaction which done at now or the action which usually happen or we call a habit.Simple present tense divided by 2: in verbal or sentence, which has verb, or nominal or the sentence, which has no verb. And in the next part, we will learn more about simple present tense completely with it’s formula and division too.1
CHAPTER IICONTENTSimple present tense is a sentence that indicate the present time or something thatoften happen sometimes or often.Usually the sentence is divided by 2. verbal sentence and nominal sentence. Verbalsentence consist of subject + verb, and nominal sentence consist of subject + to beSubject To beIAmYouAreHeIsSheIsItIsTheyare1.Affirmative/positive sentencea.Verbal sentenceFormula :We add –s-or –es in the end of verb if the subject is third singular person (he, she, it):
The common infinotove verb we add –sExample:To speak = speaksTo read = readsEtc
The verb ended by –o we add –esExample:To do = doesTo go = goes
Infinitive ended by –ch, -sh, s, and x, we add –es in the end of verb.Example:To teach = teachesTo wish = wishesTo fox = fixes
Infinitive ended by –y and before –y is consonant, we put –es, and-y change into iExample:To fly = fliesTo study = studies2S+V1(-s or –es)
Infinitive ended by consonant, but before consonant is avewel, we add –sExample:To buy = buysTo play= plays
Infinitive ended by –e even ended by sound –z- or –j, we add –sExample:To use = uses b.Nominal sentenceFormula :Example:I am a studentShe is clever 2.Negative sentencea.Verbal sentenceFormulaWe use do for I, You, We, theyWe use does for he, she, itExample:I do not go to schoolShe does not write the letter  b.Nominal sentenceExample:I am not a studentShe is not clever 3. Interrogative sentencea.Verbal sentenceFormulaExample:Do you go to school?3S+TO BE+ADJETIVE/NOUNS+DO/DOES+V1S+TO BE+NOT+NOUN/ADJECTIVEDOES/DO+S+V1

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