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19028987 1Intelli Mobile Robot for Multi Specialty Operations Aaa

19028987 1Intelli Mobile Robot for Multi Specialty Operations Aaa

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Published by: abiarunkumar on Dec 08, 2009
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07/15/2011

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An Industrial Robot is are-programmabledevice which isdesigned to bothmanipulate andtransport parts, tools,or used for specializedmanufacturingimplementationsthrough variableprogrammed motionsfor the erformance of 
 WIRELESS AI BASED INTELLI MOBILE ROBOTFOR MULTI SPECIALTY OPERATIONS
With CCD Camera for Wireless Video /Audio Transmission, Auto Dialer, SMSFacility
WHAT IS A ROBOT?
The Webster defines a Robot as - An automatic apparatus or device that performs functionsordinarily ascribed to humans or operates with what appears to be almost human intelligence,which means Robot, is defined as a mechanical design that is capable of performing humantasks or behaving in a human-like manner 
The Robotics Institute of America defines a robot as follows
A robot is a reprogrammable multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, toolsor specialized devices through variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks and used for Relief operations
HISTORY ABOUT THE ROBOTS & ITS EVALUATION
The term “robot” has its origins in a Czech word “robotnik” meaning worker or serf. It was first introducedby the playwright Karel Capek in a 1920 play. The robot theme was popularized by Isaac Asimov inscience fiction in the late 1940’s and the early 1950’s, and subsequently by Hollywood movies.Mechanization and automation can be traced back to the industrial revolution. The first example of complete mechanization dates back to the development of Jacquard looms (named after the silk weaver Joseph Maria Jacquard) used in the silk industry in France and Italy in the early 19
th
century. These loomscould be mechanically reprogrammed to produce different patterns.However, these looms were simply machines. There is no notion of “intelligence” that is built into theselooms. Further, the process of programming could be very tedious, particularly for complex patterns, andhad to be done manually.The next 100-150 years saw many innovative engineering solutions to pressing problems in industry. Arotary crane equipped with a motorized gripper to remove hot ingots from a furnace was developed byBabbit in 1892. Pollard invented a mechanical arm for spray painting in 1938.The first teleoperator or telecheric, a device that allows an operator to perform a task at a distance,isolated from the environment that the task is performed in, was developed by Goertz1. It was designedto manipulate radioactive materials. The operator was separated from the radioactive task by a concretewall with viewing ports. Two handles on the “master” side allowed the operator to manipulate a pair of tongs on the “slave” sideRobots come in different shapes and sizes and withdifferent capabilities. They also perform several tasks,some of them are quite beyond the capabilities of humanbeings.It was demonstrated by the first human cyborg Prof. KevinWarwick of University of Reading, UK that humans canlink with robots to acquire several dimensions of nature for better functioning.
WHY ROBOTS
Quality Improvement
Improvement of Working Environment
Better-Cost Effectiveness
Flexibility to Change
 
Multi Specialty Operations
MAJOR APPLICATION AREAS
The four major areas where automation should be considered are as follows
Heavy Lifting
Repetitive Work
Contaminated Environments (Solvents, Noise, Heat, Dust)
Jobs Requiring Continuously High Levels of Concentration
ANATOMY OF A ROBOT
The Basic Components of a Robot System are
The Mechanical linkage
Actuators and Transmissions
Sensors
Controllers
Stepper Motors
User interface
Power conversion unit
COMPARISON BETWEEN HUMAN TERMS AND ROBOT TERMSHUMAN TERMSROBOT TERMS
Brain
Senses
Blood
Hands
Feet
Computer 
Sensors
Electrical/ Hydraulic Power 
Manipulator 
Wheels (normally)
Robots can be Turtles, Vehicles, Rovers, Walkers
ADVANTAGES OF USING ROBOT
The ROBOT is a basic tool for automation and will be of great use to perform repetitivetasks of picking and placing in an industrial production line
Its use can be extended and exploited by few modifications to do difficult and hazardoustasks for nuclear applications
It can be used to do work effectively due to its great-added accuracy which will results thequality improvement in the work
ABOUT OUR PROJECT
In manufacturing industry, a large fraction of the work is repetitive and judiciousapplication of automation will most certainly result in optimum utilization of machineand manpower, Here our ROBOT plays a vital dual roleOur ROBOT is a Wireless, Artificial Intelligence based Mobile Robot with multi specialtyapproach. Basically it will have facilities such that it can move in any direction, sayright, left, forward, backward etc. the commands will be received from the keyboard -Wireless.Our robot main functionality is Materials Handling - `Pick and Place', which has beendeveloped to achieve automation in applications where great sophistication is not
 
needed and simple tasks like picking up of small parts at one location and placing themat another location can be done with great ease.Another main function of our multi specialty robot is fire security function FireFighting, which is a system of putting together motors, solenoids, and wires, amongother important componentsOur Robot is used to extinguish the fire in case of Fire Accidents. The movement of theRobotics controlled by means of stepper motor, which is involved in the majoapplication of Robotics field.Our Robot also consists of a Solenoid, which is actuated to pour the water whenever itsenses the Fire. This project is divided into modules for better understanding of thecircuit.
SPECIAL FEATURES & POWERS OF THE ROBOT
WIRELESS MOVEMENTS – FORWARD, REVERSE, RIGHT & LEFT
MATERIALS HANDLING FUNCTION – PICK & PLACE
360 DEGREE ROTATION – ANY ANGLE FREE MOVEMENTS FOR ALL AXES
OBSTACLE SENSING AND COLLISION AVOIDANCE
DIRECTION SENSING
MATERIALS HANDLING, PICK & PLACE ARM
AUTO DIALER
PIC MICROCONTROLLER – FLASH & EEPROM
MECHANICAL MODEL FOR REAL TIME OPERATIONS
STEPPER MOTOR
STEPPER POWER SUPPLY BOARD
OPTOCOUPLER WITH STEPPER DRIVER BOARD
SENSORS
RS 232 CONVERTERS
POWER SOURCE
WIRELESS SOLUTIONS – RF
RF RECEIVER MODULE - 433.92 MHZ (FT-COM-RX2), BANDWIDTH – 4MHz
RF TRANSMITTER MODULE - 433.92 MHZ (FT-COM-TX2), BANDWIDTH – 4 MHz

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