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Evaluasi Kinerja Moment Invariant

Evaluasi Kinerja Moment Invariant

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Published by Sofyan Thayf

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Sofyan Thayf on Dec 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/07/2013

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\ue012\ue024\ue029\ue01d\ue027\ue000\ue019\ue02c\ue02a\ue025\ue020\ue01e\ue02e
\ue019\ue020\ue029\ue022\ue02a\ue027\ue01d\ue023\ue01d\ue029\ue000\ue010\ue024\ue02e\ue02c\ue01d\ue000\ue011\ue024\ue022\ue024\ue02e\ue01d\ue027
\ue011\ue02a\ue02d\ue020\ue029\ue00e\ue000\ue011\ue02c\ue02d\ue003 \ue00f\ue022\ue02f\ue02d\ue000\ue014\ue01d\ue02c\ue01f\ue025\ue02a\ue026\ue02a\ue001\ue000\ue018\ue003\ue01a\ue01e\ue003\ue001\ue000\ue019\ue023\ue003\ue011\ue003
Evaluasi Kinerja Momen Invarian
Untuk Pengenalan Obyek
\ue018\ue01d\ue023\ue01d\ue02d\ue024\ue02d\ue031\ue01d\ue00e
\ue018\ue02a\ue023\ue003\ue000\ue01a\ue02a\ue021\ue032\ue01d\ue029\ue000\ue01a\ue003\ue000\ue01b\ue023\ue01d\ue032\ue021
\ue007\ue00a\ue008\ue009\ue005\ue004\ue015\ue002\ue009\ue004\ue007\ue006\ue005\ue00c\ue004\ue005\ue00b
\ue018\ue01d\ue022\ue024\ue02d\ue02e\ue020\ue02c\ue000\ue015\ue027\ue028\ue02f\ue000\ue017\ue02a\ue028\ue02b\ue02f\ue02e\ue020\ue02c\ue000\ue012\ue018\ue015\ue019\ue00f
\ue01c\ue029\ue024\ue030\ue020\ue02c\ue02d\ue024\ue02e\ue01d\ue02d\ue000\ue013\ue01d\ue01f\ue025\ue01d\ue023\ue000\ue028\ue01d\ue01f\ue01d
\ue016\ue02f\ue029\ue024 \ue007\ue005\ue005\ue00d
2
Evaluasi Kinerja Momen Invarian
Untuk Pengenalan Obyek
Pendahuluan

Proses pengenalan sebuah obyek di dalam sebuah citra setelah proses segmentasi , sering terbentur pada permasalahan posisi obyek, rotasi sumbu obyek, dan perubahan skala dar i obyek. Posisi obyek yang bergeser, berputar, dan ukurannya yang lebih kecil atau lebih besar dari pada informasi yang

sudah dimiliki sebagaiknowledge, dapat menyebabkan kesalahan dalam pengenalan/identifikasi obyek
tersebut.

Momen dapat menggambarkan su atu objek dalam hal area, posisi, orientasi dan parameter terdefinisi
lainnya. Dengan mendapatkan sejumlah informasi momen, baik momen tingkat ke -nol (m00) dan ke-
satu (m10dan m01) atau momen sentral, dan momen pada tingkat \u2265 2 atau momen invarian dari
sebuah obyek, maka obyek tersebut dapat diidentifikasi sekalipun telah mengalami pergeseran

(translasi), perputaran (rotasi), maupun perubahan skala.
Dalam tulisan ini, dicoba untuk melakukan pengujian terhadap kinerja momen in varian dalam
mengidentifikasi sejumlah obyek yang mengalami rotasi dan pencerminan (mirroring)
Tinjauan Pustaka
Momen Sentral
Momen sentral adalah momen yang bersesuaian dengan titik pusat sebuah obyek. Dalam Gonzales
(1992:673) dikatakan bahwa momen sentral untuk citra digital dapat dihitung dengan persamaan
\ue000
\ue001 \ue000
\ue001\ue000 \ue001
\ue003\ue003
\ue001
\ue001
\ue002
x
y
q
p
pq
y
x
f
y
y
x
x
,
\ue003
f(x,y)adalah intensitas warna daripixel (x,y). Pada citra biner atau hitam-putih (BW), misalnya dari
hasil segmentasi denganthresholding,f(x,y) bernilai 0 atau 1.
Momen Invarian
Dari momen tingkat kedua dan ketiga (p+q \u2265 2) yang dinormalisasi dengan
\ue002
\ue003
\ue003
\ue001
00
pq
pq\ue002
, dimana
1
2\ue000
\ue000
\ue002
q
p
\ue002
3
dapat diturunkan tujuh rumus untuk menghitung momen yang invarian terhadap translasi, rotasi , dan
perubahan skala (Gonzales, 1992, 674-675) sebagai berikut:
02
20
1
\ue001
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue002
\ue000
\ue001
2
11
2
02
20
2
4\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue001
\ue002
\ue000
\ue001 \ue000
\ue0012
03
21
2
12
30
3
3
3
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001
\ue002
\ue000
\ue001 \ue000
\ue0012
03
21
2
12
30
4
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue002
\ue000
\ue001\ue000
\ue001 \ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001\ue000
\ue001 \ue000
\ue001 \ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001
2
03
21
2
12
30
03
21
03
21
2
03
21
2
12
30
12
30
12
30
5
3
3
3
3
3
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue001
\ue002
\ue000
\ue001\ue000
\ue001 \ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001\ue000
\ue001
03
21
12
30
11
2
03
21
2
12
30
02
20
6
4
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001
\ue002
\ue000
\ue001\ue000
\ue001 \ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001\ue000
\ue001 \ue000
\ue001 \ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue001
2
03
21
2
12
30
03
21
30
12
2
03
21
2
12
30
12
30
03
21
7
3
3
3
3
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue001
\ue000
\ue000
\ue001
\ue002

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