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Lectures and Essays by Huxley, Thomas Henry, 1825-1895

Lectures and Essays by Huxley, Thomas Henry, 1825-1895

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TheProjectGutenbergEBookofLecturesandEssays,byT.H.Huxley#31inourseriesbyT.H.HuxleyCopyrightlawsarechangingallovertheworld.BesuretocheckthecopyrightlawsforyourcountrybeforedownloadingorredistributingthisoranyotherProjectGutenbergeBook.ThisheadershouldbethefirstthingseenwhenviewingthisProjectGutenbergfile.Pleasedonotremoveit.Donotchangeoredittheheaderwithoutwrittenpermission.Pleasereadthe"legalsmallprint,"andotherinformationabouttheeBookandProjectGutenbergatthebottomofthisfile.Includedisimportantinformationaboutyourspecificrightsandrestrictionsinhowthefilemaybeused.YoucanalsofindoutabouthowtomakeadonationtoProjectGutenberg,andhowtogetinvolved.**WelcomeToTheWorldofFreePlainVanillaElectronicTexts****eBooksReadableByBothHumansandByComputers,Since1971*******TheseeBooksWerePreparedByThousandsofVolunteers!*****Title:LecturesandEssaysAuthor:T.H.HuxleyReleaseDate:September,2004[EBook#6414][Yes,wearemorethanoneyearaheadofschedule][ThisfilewasfirstpostedonDecember8,2002]Edition:10Language:EnglishCharactersetencoding:ASCII***STARTOFTHEPROJECTGUTENBERGEBOOKLECTURESANDESSAYS***ProducedbySueAsscherasschers@bigpond.comLecturesandEssaysbyT.H.Huxley***THEPEOPLE'SLIBRARY.
 
LECTURESANDESSAYS.THOMASHENRYHUXLEY.EDITOR'SNOTE.Ofthegreatthinkersofthenineteenthcentury,ThomasHenryHuxley,sonofanEalingschoolmaster,wasundoubtedlythemostnoteworthy.Hisresearchesinbiology,hiscontributionstoscientificcontroversy,hispungentcriticismsofconventionalbeliefsandthoughtshaveprobablyhadgreaterinfluencethantheworkofanyotherEnglishscientist.Andyethewasa"self-made"intellectualist.Inspiteofthefactthathisfatherwasaschoolmasterhepassedthroughnoregularcourseofeducation."Ihad,"hesaid,"twoyearsofapandemoniumofaschool(betweeneightandten)andafterthatneitherhelpnorsympathyinanyintellectualdirectiontillIreachedmanhood."WhenhewastwelveacravingforreadingfoundsatisfactioninHutton's"Geology,"andwhenfifteeninHamilton's"Logic."AtseventeenHuxleyenteredasastudentatCharingCrossHospital,andthreeyearslaterhewasM.B.andthepossessorofthegoldmedalforanatomyandphysiology.AnappointmentassurgeoninthenavyprovedtobetheentrytoHuxley'sgreatscientificcareer,forhewasgazettedtothe"Rattlesnake",commissionedforsurveyingworkinTorresStraits.Hewasattractedbytheteemingsurfacelifeoftropicalseasandhisstudyofitwasthecommencementofthatrevolutioninscientificknowledgeultimatelybroughtaboutbyhisresearches.ThomasHenryHuxleywasbornatEalingonMay4,1825,anddiedatEastbourneJune29,1895.***LECTURESANDESSAYSBYT.H.HUXLEY.CASSELLANDCOMPANY,LTD.LONDON,PARIS,NEWYORK,TORONTO&MELBOURNE.MCMVIII.
 
***CONTENTS.ONOURKNOWLEDGEOFTHECAUSESOFTHEPHENOMENAOFORGANICNATURE:THEPRESENTCONDITIONOFORGANICNATURE.THEPASTCONDITIONOFORGANICNATURE.THEMETHODBYWHICHTHECAUSESOFTHEPRESENTANDPASTCONDITIONSOFORGANICNATUREARETOBEDISCOVERED.--THEORIGINATIONOFLIVINGBEINGS.THEPERPETUATIONOFLIVINGBEINGS,HEREDITARYTRANSMISSIONANDVARIATION.THECONDITIONSOFEXISTENCEASAFFECTINGTHEPERPETUATIONOFLIVINGBEINGS.ACRITICALEXAMINATIONOFTHEPOSITIONOFMR.DARWIN'SWORK,"ONTHEORIGINOFSPECIES,"INRELATIONTOTHECOMPLETETHEORYOFTHECAUSESOFTHEPHENOMENAOFORGANICNATURE.ESSAYSONDARWIN'S"ORIGINOFSPECIES":THEDARWINIANHYPOTHESIS.TIMEANDLIFE.THEORIGINOFSPECIES.CRITICISMSON"THEORIGINOFSPECIES".EVIDENCEASTOMAN'SPLACEINNATURE:ONTHENATURALHISTORYOFTHEMAN-LIKEAPES.ONTHERELATIONSOFMANTOTHELOWERANIMALS.ONSOMEFOSSILREMAINSOFMAN.ONTHEADVISABLENESSOFIMPROVINGNATURALKNOWLEDGE.ONTHESTUDYOFZOOLOGY.GEOLOGICALCONTEMPORANEITYANDPERSISTENTTYPESOFLIFE.CORALANDCORALREEFS.

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