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TWLCLessons_MolecularModelDesign

TWLCLessons_MolecularModelDesign

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Published by: TigerWoodsFoundation on Sep 02, 2014
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11/21/2014

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 Title:
 
 Molecular Model Design
 
Content Area:
 
Science & Technology
Grade Level:
 
Middle and High School
 
Standards:
 
Next Generation Science Standards
MS-PS1-1. Develop model to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures. ISTE Standards: 1. Creativity and innovation
 
Use models and simulations to explore complex systems and issues.
Purpose:
 
Students will learn to use basic tools and features of Autodesk
123D Design
 and create 3D models of various simple molecules.
Length of Time:
 
2 hours
 Materials:
 
PC or Mac with latest version of Autodesk
123D Design
 installed. For specific computer system requirements, please visit: http://www.123dapp.com/design#download 
 
Free Autodesk
123D
 accounts to save work in the cloud. Sign up at  http://www.123dapp.com 
 
Example molecule 3D models found here: http://www.123dapp.com/search/molecule/content/all 
 
Fast Facts
Autodesk 123D Design is a free 3D creation and editing tool that allows users to manipulate basic building blocks to create a three dimensional model. This program can be downloaded at: http://www.123dapp.com/design An atom is a basic building block of matter that makes up everyday objects. A molecule is a group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
 
 
Whole Group (10 minutes):
1.
 
Engage students by showing a model of a molecule created in
123D Design
. If needed, download a model from the Autodesk website found here: http://www.123dapp.com/search/molecule/content/all 2.
 
By adjusting the view with the camera controls, have students identify the appropriate atoms and verify the molecular structure. 3.
 
Explain to students that they will be creating their own 3D molecule using Autodesk
123D Design
. If students are not familiar with this software, refer to Resource Sheet:
 
123D Design Training Exercises
 to assist in the learning process. 4.
 
Instruct students to open the Autodesk
123D Design
 software and sign into their free account. 5.
 
Explain that they will be creating four atoms with different numbers of bonds to use for their molecule models.
Whole Group / Individual (30 minutes):
 
Creating Atom and Bond 3D Objects 1.
 
Instruct students to change the units to
mm
(if not already set)
 
by clicking the
Units
text at the bottom right.
 Atom - 1 Bond
a.
 
Insert a
cylinder
from Primitives tool and
resize
 with the following dimensions:
Radius: 6, Height: 4
 b.
 
Insert a
sphere
from Primitives tool and
resize
 with the following dimensions:
Radius: 15
 c.
 
Using the
Snap
tool, snap the sphere onto the face of the cylinder.
 
Note to Teacher: Students will need to create Autodesk
123D
 accounts to save work in the cloud. Students can sign up at http://www.123dapp.com.  Students will need to learn how to manipulate camera controls and utilize various tools in
123D Design
 before beginning to create their own virtual 3D molecules. The activity challenges found in Resource Sheet:
123D Design Training Exercises
 will help students understand the basic tools in the program. Pressing the F1 key in the software also brings up keyboard shortcut keys.  This lesson is intended to supplement the understanding of molecules and atoms after it has been introduced in a prior lesson. Students will use the software tools to create models representing the composition of molecules.
 
d.
 
 To move the bond point and atom closer together, double-click the
sphere object.
e.
 
Click the
 Move tool
 and then
click and drag the arrow towards the cylinder 
 to close the gap. f.
 
Click the
Combine tool
 and select
Merge
. Merge both objects by clicking each object once and then pressing
Enter 
. g.
 
Save the project with the name
 Atom - 1 Bond
.
Note to Teacher: In order to reuse atoms with a desired number of bonds, students will begin creating and saving the following objects as individual projects. a.
 
 Atom - 1 Bond b.
 
 Atom - 2 Bond c.
 
 Atom - 3 Bond d.
 
 Atom – 4 Bond e.
 
Molecular Bond  Teachers can create these project files and copy them to each computer prior to the lesson so that students can simply insert each atom in their molecule model.
 

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