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U.S. Department of Energy - DOE - Solar Buildings (SolarWall) - solar air heat

U.S. Department of Energy - DOE - Solar Buildings (SolarWall) - solar air heat

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Published by conserval
U.S. Department of Energy - DOE - Solar Buildings (SolarWall) - The DOE weighs in on the solar air heating system by conserval Engineering SolarWall, Please visit www.solarwall.com for more information.
U.S. Department of Energy - DOE - Solar Buildings (SolarWall) - The DOE weighs in on the solar air heating system by conserval Engineering SolarWall, Please visit www.solarwall.com for more information.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: conserval on Mar 29, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/08/2014

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• At night the collector assists heating because heatlost through the main building wall behind the
M
any commercial and industrial buildingshave high ventilation rates. Although all
Transpired Air Collectors
 Ventilation Preheating
Transpired air col lectors preheat building ventila- 
THIS ELEGANTLYSIMPLE TECH-NOLOGY CANBE HIGHLY COSTEFFECTIVE FORCOMMERCIALAND INDUSTRIALBUILDINGS.
that fresh air is great for indoor air quality,heating it can be very expensive. But anelegantly simple technology is available touse solar energy to preheat ventilation airand dramatically reduce utility bills.Transpired air collector systems essentially consistof a dark-colored, perforated façade installed on abuilding’s south-facing wall. An added fan or thebuilding’s existing ventilation system draws ventilationair into the building through the perforated absorberplate on the façade and up the plenum (the air spacebetween the absorber and the south wall). Solar energy absorbed by the dark absorber and transferred to theair flowing through it can preheat the intake air by asmuch as 40°F (22°C). Reduced heating costs will pay for the systems in 3–12 years.This R&D 100 Award-winning technology is theproduct of the practical initiative of Conserval—aprivate solar heating and energy conservation company that markets the technology as SOLARWALL©—andthe scientific expertise of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Unlike previous technologies forspace heating, the transpired collector requires noexpensive glazing with associated energy loss toreflection. Design refinements, identified by NREL’sresearch and computer modeling, boosted the amountof available solar energy (diffuse as well as direct sunlight) that the transpired collector can capture to arecord-breaking 80%. Using transpired collectors pro vides numerous other advantages:• The collectors are virtually maintenance free, withno liquids and no moving parts other than the ventilation system fans.collector system absorber is recaptured.Transpired collectors help meet demands forimproved indoor air quality, because better ventilation is an integral part of the system.• Collectors can be added on to or designed as partof a building’s façade; commercially availableSOLARWALLs© use attractive metal sheeting andare available in many colors. The systems will pay for themselves even faster in new construction than when added to existing buildings because of money saved on the building’s façade.
tion air by using the building’s venti lation fan to draw fresh air throughthe system.Theintake air is heated as it passes throughthe perforated absorber plate and up the plenumbetween theabsorber and the south wall of thebuilding.
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Heated airPlenumAmbient airPerforated absorber

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