followed by every organisation, which ensures that it has right number and kind of people, at the right place and right time, so that organisation can achieve its plannedobjective.The objectives of Human Resource Department are Human ResourcePlanning, Recruitment and Selection, Training and Development, Career planning,Transfer and Promotion, Risk Management, Performance Appraisal and so on. Eachobjective needs special attention and proper planning and implementation.For every organisation it is important to have a right person on a right job. Recruitment and Selection plays a vital role in this situation. Shortage of skillsand the use of new technology are putting considerable pressure on how employersgo about Recruiting and Selecting staff. First we will know what is recruitment andselection-Recruitment and Selection are simultaneous process and are incomplete without eachother. Recruitment and selection are two of the most important functions of personnelmanagement. Recruitment precedes selection and helps in selecting a right candidate.They are important components of the organisation and are different from each other
Meaning of Recruitment
means to estimate the available vacancies and to makesuitable arran
gements for their selection and appointment. Recruitment is understood asthe process of searching for and obtaining applicants for the jobs, from among whom theright people can be selected.In the recruitment, a pool of eligible and interested candidates is created for selection of most suitable candidates. Recruitment represents the first contact that acompany makes with potential employees
Flippo’s definition: “It is a process of searching for prospectiveemployees and stimulating and encouraging them to apply for jobs in anorganization.”
Need for recruitment:
The need for recruitment may be due to the following reasons / situation:a)Vacancies due to promotions, transfer, retirement, termination, permanent disability,death and labour turnover. b)Creation of new vacancies due to the growth, expansion and diversification of businessactivities of an enterprise. In addition, new vacancies are possible due to jobspecification.
Purpose and importance of Recruitment:
1.Determine the present and future requirements of the organization onconjunction with its personnel-planning and job analysis activities.2.Increase the pool of job candidates at minimum cost.3.Help increase the success rate of the selection process by reducingthe number of visibly under qualified or overqualified job applicants.4.Help reduce the probability that job applicants, once recruited andselected, will leave the organization only after a short period of time.5.Meet the organization’s legal and social obligations regarding thecomposition of its work force.