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Higher Wet Rubbing & Light Fastness

Higher Wet Rubbing & Light Fastness

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Published by Rezaul Karim Tutul
Development of Wet Rubbing & Light Fastness
Development of Wet Rubbing & Light Fastness

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Rezaul Karim Tutul on Dec 09, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/02/2012

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Compiled By M.Rezaul Karim Tutul
Achieving Higher Wet-rubbing Fastness
with Reactive Dyestuffs
:
Following cares to be made regarding better wet-rubbing fastness:
01)
 
Yarn:
Combed yarn (ensuring minimum dead cotton %) to be used.
02)
 
Pre-treatment with highest absorbency:
To be checked with drop test
a)
 
Scouring with increased wetting agent dosage
b)
 
Scouring with Caustic Soda(NaOH itself is a good wetting agent
03)
 
Whiteness value:
As whiteness value is not needed, Peroxide & Peroxide stabiliser dosagemay be reduced & hence lower Peroxide Killer dosage.
04)
 
Bio-polishing:
Minimum Bio-polish Treatment ensuring maximum cellulosic dust removal.
05)
 
Dyeing cycle:
Dyeing Cycle to be fully completed may be with few minutes’ extension atsame temperature (60
o
C).
06)
 
Soaping off:
While soaping, a good dispersant along with soaping agent should be used formaximum removal of unfixed dyes & other dye-complex sticking to fabric surface.
07)
 
Finishing:
Micro-emulsion/Semi Micro or Nano silicone Softener finish to be avoided.Macro Emulsion can be used, if needed.So, maintaining the above, good wet rubbing fastness can be achieved
----10min---------------50/60min----------60
o
C---5min--------40min--------55
o
C Bath DropSoda Ash (5g/l) for 25mins Caustic (36
o
Be) 1.5g/l for 25minDyestuffs Salt
Soaping:
a)
 
Cold Rinseb)
 
Neutralizing with Acetic Acid
c)
 
Achieving High Light Fast Shades
Light Fastness along with other related matters mostly depend on
a)
 
Fabric surface
-(Smoother Surface i. e Single Jersey gains better Light Fastness & roughsurface i. e Pique, Rib etc gain lower Light Fastness) along with
b)
 
Dyestuffs selection
c)
 
Processing parameters.
 
Destruction of Chromophores group (Azo Group) resulting in affecting Light or Light PerspirationFastness of Reactive Dyestuffs in following two ways:
01)
 
Photo Oxidation
Singulet-O
2
reacts with Hydrazone-tautomer of Azo Dye
02)
 
Photo Reduction
Following cares to be made for processing High Light Fast Shades:
ONNHOOONNOOHOONN
+
OH
 
NNNHN.+H-Donor NHNHNH
2
NH
2

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