Compiled By M.Rezaul Karim Tutul
Achieving Higher Wet-rubbing Fastness
with Reactive Dyestuffs
Following cares to be made regarding better wet-rubbing fastness:
Combed yarn (ensuring minimum dead cotton %) to be used.
Pre-treatment with highest absorbency:
To be checked with drop test
Scouring with increased wetting agent dosage
Scouring with Caustic Soda(NaOH itself is a good wetting agent
As whiteness value is not needed, Peroxide & Peroxide stabiliser dosagemay be reduced & hence lower Peroxide Killer dosage.
Minimum Bio-polish Treatment ensuring maximum cellulosic dust removal.
Dyeing Cycle to be fully completed may be with few minutes’ extension atsame temperature (60
While soaping, a good dispersant along with soaping agent should be used formaximum removal of unfixed dyes & other dye-complex sticking to fabric surface.
Micro-emulsion/Semi Micro or Nano silicone Softener finish to be avoided.Macro Emulsion can be used, if needed.So, maintaining the above, good wet rubbing fastness can be achieved
C Bath DropSoda Ash (5g/l) for 25mins Caustic (36
Be) 1.5g/l for 25minDyestuffs Salt
Neutralizing with Acetic Acid
Achieving High Light Fast Shades
Light Fastness along with other related matters mostly depend on
-(Smoother Surface i. e Single Jersey gains better Light Fastness & roughsurface i. e Pique, Rib etc gain lower Light Fastness) along with
Destruction of Chromophores group (Azo Group) resulting in affecting Light or Light PerspirationFastness of Reactive Dyestuffs in following two ways:
reacts with Hydrazone-tautomer of Azo Dye
Following cares to be made for processing High Light Fast Shades: