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ELG 5369 IP-Based Internetworking Technologies Chap7 Networking Technology Layer 4

ELG 5369 IP-Based Internetworking Technologies Chap7 Networking Technology Layer 4

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Published by: scribdlrg on Dec 10, 2009
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09/15/2012

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TCP
Networking TechnologyLayer 4ELG 5369IP-Based Internetworking TechnologiesChap7
 
 
TCP Overview
TCP is the most widely used Internet protocol
 – Web, Peer-to-peer, FTP, telnet, …
A two way, reliable, byte stream oriented end-to-end protocol
 – Includes flow and congestion control
Closely tied to the Internet Protocol (IP)A focus of intense study for many years
RENO is most widely used TCP todayRFC 2001 (now expired)RENO mainly specifies mechanisms for dealing with congestion
 
 
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)User Datagram Protocol (UDP) 
 
operate at layer 4 of the
Internet protocol stack.
TCP 
is a
connectionoriented protocol
responsible for the reliable transfer of user traffic between two hosts.uses
sequence numbers
and
acknowledgments
to make certain all traffic isdelivered safely to the destination end point.
 
UDP 
is a
connectionless protocol and
does not provide sequencing or acknowledgments.
 
It is used in place of TCP; Eg. telephony traffic, the Trivial File Transfer Protocol(TFTP), and the Remote Procedure Call (RPC) use UDP.no reliability
no flow control, or errorrecovery measures,
UDP
serves principally as a
multiplexer/demultiplexer 
for the receiving and sending of traffic into and out of an application.
The packets exchanged between two TCP modules = segments.
TCP and UDP

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