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Nuclear Reactor

Nuclear Reactor

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Published by Daniel Newton
Essay on Nuclear reactor
Essay on Nuclear reactor

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Published by: Daniel Newton on Dec 10, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Nuclear reactor technology
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation, search Core of CROCUS, a small nuclear reactor used for research at the EPFLinSwitzerland.
This article is a subarticle of  Nuclear power 
nuclear reactor
is a device in whichnuclear chain reactionsare initiated, controlled,and sustained at a steady rate.The most significant use of nuclear reactors is as an energy source for the generation of electrical power (see Nuclear power 
) and for the power in some ships (see Nuclear marine propulsion
). This is usually accomplished by methods that involve usingheatfrom the nuclear reaction to power steam turbines. There are also other less common usesas discussed below.
An induced nuclear fission event. A neutron is absorbed by the nucleus of a uranium-235atom, which in turn splits into fast-moving lighter elements (fission products) and freeneutrons. Though both reactors andnuclear weaponsrely on nuclear chain reactions, therate of reactions in a reactor is much slower than in a bomb.The physics of operating a nuclear reactor is explained in Nuclear reactor physics.Just as many conventionalthermal power stationsgenerate electricity by harnessing thethermal energy released from burningfossil fuels, nuclear power plants convert the thermal energy released fromnuclear fission.
[edit] Reactor
The reactor is used to convert nuclear (also known as 'atomic') energy into heat. While areactor could be one in which heat is produced by fusion or radioactive decay, thisdescription focuses on the basic principles of the fission reactor.
[edit] Fission
) absorbs a neutronit is likely to undergo nuclear fission. The original heavy nucleus splits into two or more lighter nuclei, releasingkinetic energy, gamma

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