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2.3 Electric Potential

2.3 Electric Potential

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Published by 馮維祥

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Published by: 馮維祥 on Dec 10, 2009
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03/19/2013

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EM-2.3-1
Review
The electric field
(
) is a
very special typeof vector fiel
For electrostatics, the CURL of
(
) = zero, i.e.
The physical meaning of the curl of a vector field:For an arbitrary vector field
A
(
) , if
×
 
A
(
)
0 for allpoints in space, then the vector
A
(
) rotates, or shears insome manner in that region of spaceCurl of Whirlpool Field,
×
v (r)
0Curl of shear Field
×
v (r)
0
 
EM-2.3-2
Review
By use of Stokes’Theorem
There are two implications (assuming
(
)
0 everywhere):1. everywhere (for arbitrary closed surface
).2. implies path independence of this (arbitrary)closed contour,
.
 
EM-2.3-3
Electric potential
Definea
scalar point function 
,
(
), known as the electricpotential(integral version)
Reference pointBy convention, the point
=
Ο
ref 
is taken to be a
standard reference point 
of electric potential,
(
)where
V (r 
=
Ο
ref 
) =
0 (usually r = 
∞ 
 ).
SI Unitsof Electric Potential =Volts
If
V (r)
=
Ο
ref
= 0 @ the reference point, then
(
)depends only on point
.

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