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It was one of those chance meetings between two atoms tossed hither and thither in the whirligig of life; for
the peddler, shrewd, calculating and unscrupulous, was wandering along the Acadian shores driving hard
bargains in small wares; and the Indian, like his race, fond of a roaming life, was drifting about the bay in a
small sloop he owned, fishing where he would, hunting when he chose, stopping a week in some uninhabited
cove to set traps, or lounging in a village drinking or gambling.
The Jew had a little money and, what was of12 more value, brains and audacity. He also knew the conditions
then prevalent along the Maine coast, and all the risks, as well as the profit, to be obtained in smuggling
liquor. Rum was cheap in Nova Scotia and dear in Maine. The Indian with his sloop formed one means to an
end; his money and cunning the other. A verbal compact to join these two forces on the basis of share and
share alike for mutual profit, was entered into, and Captain Wolf and the Sea Fox, as the sloop was named,
with the Indian and his dog for crew, began their career.
As a preliminary some fifty kegs of assorted liquors, as many empty mackerel kits, a small stock of oil
clothing, sea boots, fishing gear, tobaccos, etc., were purchased and stowed away on the sloop, and then she
There were along the coast of Maine in those days many uninhabited islands seldom visited. Fishermen
avoided them, for the deep sea furnished safer and more profitable ground; coasters gave them a wide berth,
and there were no others to disturb them. Among these, and lying midway between Monhegan and Big Spoon
Islands, and distant from the Isle au Haut, the nearest inhabited one, about twenty miles, was a freak of nature
known as "The Pocket," or Pocket Island,13 as shown on the maps. This merits a brief description. It was
hollow. That is, from a general view it appeared like an attempt to inclose a small portion of the sea within
high, fir-covered walls. It resembled a horseshoe with the points drawn close. Neptune beat Jove, however,
leaving a narrow fissure connecting the inclosed water and the outer ocean, and through this the tides flowed
fiercely; but so protected was the inner harbor that never a ripple disturbed its surface. It was this harbor that
gave the island its name.
Occasionally a shipwreck occurred here. In 1842 the British barque Lancaster was driven on to this island in a
winter night snowstorm, and all hands perished. Five of the crew were washed ashore alive, only to freeze
among the snow-covered rocks. The vessel went entirely to pieces in one night and the wreck was not
discovered until two years after by a stray fisherman, who suddenly came upon the bleaching bones and
grinning skulls of those unfortunate sailors. The island was a menace to coasters and bore an uncanny
reputation. It was said to be haunted. During a night storm a tall man had been seen, by a flash of lightning,
standing on a cliff. Strange sounds like the cries of dying men14 had been heard. When the waves were high,
a noise like that made by a bellowing bull was noticed. The ocean and its storms play queer pranks at times,
especially at night. White bursts of foam leaping over black rocks assume ghostly shape. Dark and grotesque
figures appear crawling into or out of fissures, or hiding behind rocks. Hideous and devilish, snarling and
Nature also played another prank here, and as if to furnish a lair for some sea monster she hollowed a cavern
in the island, with an entrance below tidewater and at the head of this harbor. Inside and above tide-level it
broadened into a small room. As if to still further isolate the island all about it were countless rocks and ledges
bare only at low tide and, like a serried cordon of black fangs, ready to bite and destroy any vessel that
approached. It is probable that the Indians who formerly inhabited the Maine coast had explored this island
and discovered the cave. An Indian is always looking for such things. It is his nature. It may be this wandering
and half-civilized remnant of a nearly extinct tribe whom15 the Jew had compacted with, knew of this sea
cavern and piloted his sloop into the safe shelter of "the pocket." And it was a secure shelter. No one came
here; no one was likely to. Its uncanny reputation, added to the almost impassable barricade of rocks and
ledges all about, made it what Captain Wolf needed\u2014a veritable burrow for a sea fox. Here he brought his
cargo of contraband spirits and stored them in the cave. Here he repacked kegs of rum inside of empty
mackerel kits, storing them aboard the sloop with genuine ones. By this ruse he almost obliterated the chance
of detection. Like a sly fox, he was always on guard. Even when the sloop was safe at anchor, he worked only
in the cave. When all was ready, he and his swarthy partner would wait till low tide, then load the dozen or
more rum-charged kits and set sail for the coast. In these ventures Wolf realized what his race have always
wanted\ue000the Jew's one per cent.
In this island cave nature had placed a curiosity, known as a rocking stone. In was a boulder of many tons'
weight near the wall of the room, and so poised that a push of the hand at one particular point would move it
easily. When so moved a little niche in the rock-wall back of it was exposed. Wolf had discovered this one
day16 while alone in the cave and utilized it as a hiding place for his money.
Here he would come alone and, taking out the increasing bags of coin, empty them on a flat stone and, by the
light of a lamp, count their contents again and again. Those shining coins were his god and all his religion;
and in this damp and dark sea cavern and by the dim light of a lamp he came to worship.
The Indian could neither read nor write, add nor subtract, and while he knew the value of coins, he was unable
to compute them. Wolf knew this and, unprincipled as he was, he not only defied all law in smuggling, but he
had from the first defied all justice, and cheated his partner in the division of profit. As the Indian was never
present when either buying or selling took place, and had no knowledge of arithmetic, this was an easy matter.
Wolf gave him a little money, of course. He needed him and his vessel; also his help in sailing her. Not only
was the Indian a faithful helper, but he held his tongue as well, which was very important. When in some
Nova Scotia port the money Wolf gave him as his share was usually spent in drinking and gambling, which
suited Wolf, who only desired to use him as a medium.17
An Indian has no sense of economy, no thought of the morrow. To hunt, fish and eat to-day and let the future
provide for itself is enough. If he works one day, it is that he may spend the next. Among the aborigines thrift
was an unknown quantity, and the scattered remnants of those tribes existing to-day are the same. As they
were hundreds of years ago, so are they now. They were satisfied with bark wigwams then; a board and a mud
hovel is enough to-day. They cannot comprehend a white man's ambition to work that he may dress and live
well, and all money and all thought spent in civilizing the Indian has only resulted in degrading him. He
absorbs all the white man's vices and none of his virtues. Not only that, but the effort to redeem him has
warped and twisted him into a cunning and revengeful creature; all malice and no honor. So true is this that
the fact has crystalized itself into the universal belief that the only good Indian is a dead one.
Such a one, though not comprehended by Wolf, was his partner. While that fox-like Jew was reaping rich
profit and deluding himself in believing he was successfully cheating an Indian, he was only sowing the seed
that soon or late was destined to end in murder.
While Neal Dow and his associates were conducting an organized crusade against the sale of liquor in Maine, and that fruitless legislation known as the Maine Law was being enforced, there entered a small coast port in that State one day a sloop called the Sea Fox, manned by a white man, an Indian and a dog.
The white man had sinister black eyes; the Indian was tall and swarthy. He and the dog remained on board the
sloop; the Jew, or, as he called himself, Captain Wolf, came ashore. He declared himself to be a small coast
trader in search of choice lots of fish, and incidentally having for sale clothing, tobacco and various small
wares. He lounged about the wharves and buildings devoted to curing fish, talking fish and fishing to all. He
seemed to be in search of information, and appeared ready and willing to buy small and choice lots of cured
fish at a low price; also19 to sell the assortment of wares he carried. He invited prospective buyers to visit his
sloop, and exerted himself to interest them. While he seemed anxious to sell, he made no sales; and though
willing to buy he bought nothing. He was in no hurry. He just ran in to look the market over and see if there
was a chance to buy at a price that would enable him to make a fair profit. If not, he might come again, or may
be he could do better elsewhere. His mission appeared innocent and natural enough and he and his small craft
were duly accepted for what they appeared to be.
Had any one, however, examined the dozen or so kits of mackerel which appeared as part of his cargo, they
would have found, not fish, but a species of bait ofttimes used by fishermen; and could they have read
between the lines of Captain Wolf's innocent inquiries they would have learned that fishing information was
the thing he cared least about. Though Wolf talked trade, but did no trading; was anxious to buy, and bought
not; willing to sell and sold not; it need not be inferred he transacted no business. Had any of these coast
residents been blessed with the occult ability to see beyond the apparent facts, and to overhear, they might
have learned of certain hard,20 if illegal, bargains made between Wolf and one or more of their number, and
they might have witnessed late at night various mysterious movements of a small boat passing from shore to
the sloop empty, and returning laden with apparently harmless kits of fish. Had these good people been still
more watchful they would have seen the Sea Fox spread her sails and depart before dawn. Whence Wolf came
no one knew; whither he went, no one guessed. Like a strange bird of prey, like a fox at night, he stole into
port on occasions wide apart and unexpected, and as mysteriously went his way.
The coast of Maine was particularly well adapted to aid Captain Wolf in his peculiar enterprise. The great tide
of summer travel had not then started and its countless bays, coves and inlets were unmolested. Wherever a
safe harbor occurred a small village had clustered about it and the larger islands only were inhabited. The
residents of these hamlets were mainly engaged in fishing or coasting, and of a guileless nature. They were
honest themselves, and not easy to suspect dishonesty in others. Into these ports Wolf could sail unsuspected,
and, like the cunning fox he was, easily dupe them by his r\u00f4le of innocent trader till he found some21 one as
unscrupulous as he, who was willing to take the chance and share his illegal profit.
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