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The First Battle for Separation of Telangana From Andhra Pradesh

The First Battle for Separation of Telangana From Andhra Pradesh

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Published by vikram_mayuri

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Published by: vikram_mayuri on Dec 11, 2009
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The first battle for separation of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh erupted in 1969 under theleadership of Marri Chenna Reddy. However, he betrayed the people who trusted him andactively participated in the movement under his leadership. The Congress party suppressed the
movement by terrorising people on the one hand and manipulating the leaders of the Telanganamovement on the other. The movement disturbed the lives of hundreds of thousands of peopleone way or the other. It was a big blow to the generation of the times, which forgot all about themovement following its failure. People realised that politicians would take them for a ride and benefit from their movement for a separate state.Despite the country becoming independent in 1947, Telangana continues to be under the rule of outsiders in some form or other. The Nizams were ruling the region at the time of independence.The newly formed Indian government toppled the Nizam’s government by force and handed itover to Andhra Pradesh (AP), another new state carved out of the then Madras state. Thus,Telangana became a part of AP. A few conditions were laid down to ensure that AP treatedTelangana well, which were observed more in the breach by the Andhra leaders.The merger of Telangana with AP was a historical blunder committed by the then national-levelleaders. They might have misguided the national leadership by arguing that the people of boththe regions are one and the same since they speak Telugu.
It was a huge trickery played by theAP politicians who wanted to rule over a bigger state by merging Telangana with AP. The people of Telangana realised the fraud in the 1960s. But the movement was mercilesslytrampled by the AP government, with the help of the central government as well as a few selfish politicians from Telangana. The blow to the movement was so severe that until two generationslater, one could not even think of uttering the word Telangana, leave alone demand a separateTelangana state. The concept was stigmatised by the media, which was controlled by the APgovernment.
They were intoxicated with their victory over the people of Telangana and treatedthe Telanganites as second-class citizens. The discrimination is everywhere and in every aspect. Telanganites are a minority in governmentas well as in private sectors, which are largely in the hands of Andhraites. They never consider Telanganites for higher positions in government or private corporations or anywhere else.Andhraites ridicule the Telanganites.Historically, people’s urge for independence could never be suppressed permanently. Though itmay look like an individual’s or some selfish politician’s demand, the struggle for independencecontinues for years, decades or even centuries. The stigma surrounding the concept of a separateTelangana statecontinued until K Chandrashekhar Rao took up the cudgels and re-launched the battle for a separate state in 2001.
The movement re-emerged strongly and theTelangana RashtraSamithi
(TRS) could garner support from various quarters, including the youth and the hi-tech,global generation of the day. Sensing the seriousness of the issue, the Congress party struck analliance with TRS in the 2004 elections and captured power both at the state and the centre.Once again, the Congress betrayed the people of Telangana. It is the Congress Party that has been betraying the people of Telangana right from the day Telangana merged with AP in the1950s and this time the betrayal has been more blatant. The Congress President Sonia Gandhiand even the then Chief Ministerial candidate YS Rajashekhar Reddy wore the pink flag duringthe 2004 election campaign, conveying they were all for Telangana’s statehood and would
facilitate the separation of Telangana if they came to power. Once in power, they showed their true colours, with the party, at the national and state level, making all efforts to defuse the issue.It’s time now for the Congress leaders from Telangana to wake up and teach the party a fittinglesson. They should either come out of the party and join the final struggle for Telangana stateor remain with the party and proclaim their support for the separation of Telangana clearly andloudly. This is a lifetime opportunity for the politicians to do some ‘service’ to the people. Theywill become heroes in the eyes of the generations to come or else they will be politicallycrucified for their treachery.The Communist Party of India (Marxist) is unabashedly supporting those suppressing themovement, forgetting the fact that the concept of Communism is based on the independence of the ‘people’. Can the CPI (M) explain what harm arises from forming a separateTelanganastate? Can’t they learn lessons from the history that witnessed fierce struggles for independence by people of different cultures? Whatever support this party has been enjoying in AndhraPradesh is just because of the backwardness of the Telangana districts, where people arenaturally inclined towards some form of protest. Now that the people realise that all the backwardness of the region has resulted from the blatant discrimination practised against theregion by the AP governments over decades, they will consign the CPI (M) to dustbin once for all. The party will become part of history very soon if it doesn’t open its eyes to the reality. 
Today’s demand for a separateTelangana state
is being raised by all the 4 crore people of Telangana in unison. No single individual born in Telangana is opposed to the formation of aseparateTelangana state.This is a historical necessity. This is not a rebellion. This will in no way affect the integrity of the nation. It will only pacify the feelings of the people and improverelations between the peoples of both the states. The fact that hardly any marriage takes place between the peoples of Andhra and Telangana is a glaring example of the differences obtaining between the regions.
Both the cultures are different. The socio-economic conditions are different.When Chandrashekhar Rao launched TRS with the sole agenda of achieving a separateTelangana state, most of the supporters of the cause were not sure about his commitment. Prior to the launch of TRS, a few parties came and vanished into thin air. Except for one outfitlaunched by a former minister and Telugu Desam Party leader P Indra Reddy, who died prematurely in an accident, the people of Telangana took no other movement seriously. Thelaunch of TRS was a historical necessity, although it looked like an issue concerned with a singleindividual’s political survival. History creates leaders who through their leadership impartmomentum to the movement. Situations are created by a divine plan. It’s no individual’s plan;it’s the collective decision of a people.The situation has changed so drastically that even those opposed to a separate Telangana statecannot dare to do so publicly now, whereas in the pre-TRS days, even strong supporters couldnot air their thoughts. A seasoned politician, KCR (K Chandrashekhar Rao) lent legitimacy anddignity to the issue by adopting a series of inimitable tactics. A history making issue such as thecreation of a state, especially at a time when people are too preoccupied with their own problemswarrants strategy and political acumen, which KCR has in him abundantly.The March 6 deadline set by KCR for the formation of  Telangana stateis creating ripples across the country. If the TRS fails to achieve any result by this date and compromises on the deadline,it will have sounded the death knell for the movement. But now the deadline has sounded the

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