Moment of the force
– is the product of the force and the perpendicular distance of the line of action of the force from the pivot.
– consists of two equal and opposite forces whose lines of actions do notcoincide.
Torque of a couple
– is the product of one of the forces and the perpendiculardistance between the forces.(No linear acceleration) -therefore producing a turning effect.
The Principle of Moments
– states that for a body to be in rotational equilibrium thesum of the clockwise moments about any point must be equalto the sum of anticlockwise moments about the same point.
– product of force and the distance moved in the direction of force.
– stored ability to do work.
– is the stored ability to do work due to its motion.
– is the stored energy available to do work due to its position orshape.
Principle of conservation of energy
– Energy may be transferred from one form toanother but it cannot be created nor is destroyed i.e.total energy of an isolated system constant.
– work done per unit time
Electric FieldsElectric field
– is a region of space where a charge experiences a force.
Direction of electromagnetic field
– is the direction in which a positive chargewould move if it were free to do so.–Shows the direction of force on the positive charge.
Electric field strength
– Force per unit positive charge placed at a point.
The closer the magnetic field the stronger it is.
Electric CircuitsElectric current
– is the rate of flow of charged particles.
– flows from the positive terminal of the battery to thenegative terminal (form a high potential to a low potential) i.e. inthe direction of flow of positive charge.
Flow of electrons
– is from the negative terminal of the battery to the positiveterminal (form a low potential to a high potential) i.e. in the direction of flow of electrons.
– direction of current is fixed.