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Labo English

# Labo English

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Tele- and Datacommunications Labo: Problems The original English tasks Frederik Colle - 4FI Academiejaar 2005-2006
Tele- and Datacommunications Labo: Problems The original English tasks Frederik Colle - 4FI Academiejaar 2005-2006

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10/21/2010

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Tele- and Datacommunications Labo: ProblemsThe original English tasks
1

1 Session 1
1.1 Page 46, problem 2.4
Two blue armies are each poised on opposite hills preparing to attack a singlered army in the valley. The red army can defeat either of the blue armiesseperately but will fail to defeat both blue armies if they attack simultaneously.The blue armies communicate via an unreliable communications system (a footsoldier).The commander with one of the blue armies would like to attack at noon.His problem is this: If he sends a message to the other blue army, ordering theattack, he cannot be sure it will get through. He could ask for acknowledgment,but that might not get through. Is there a protocol that the two blue armiescan use to avoid defeat?
1.2 Page 88, problem 3.4
Sound may be modeled as sinusoidal functions. Compare the relative frequencyand wavelength of musical notes. Use 330
m/s
as the speed of sound and thefollowing frequencies for the musical scale.Note C D E F G A B CFrequency (Hz) 264 297 330 352 396 440 495 528
1.3 Page 88, problem 3.5
If the solid curve below represents sin(2
πt
), what does the dotted curve rep-resent? That is, the dotted curve can be written in the form
A
sin(2
πft
+
φ
);what are
A
,
and
φ
?
0.5 0 0.5−2−1012
This problem could not be found in the book.2

1.5 Page 89, problem 3.13
1. Suppose that a digitized TV picture is to be transmitted from a sourcethat uses a matrix of 480
×
500 picture elements (pixels), where each pixelcan take on one of 32 intensity values. Assume that 30 pictures are sentper second. (This digital source is roufhly equivalent to broadcast TVstandards that have been adopted.) Find the source rate (bps).2. Assume that the TV picture is to be transmitted over a channel with4
.
5
MHz
bandwith and a 35
dB
signal-to-noise ratio. Find the capacityof the channel (bps).3. Discuss how the parameters given in part (1) could be modiﬁed to allowtransmission of color TV signals without increasing the required value forR.
1.6 Page 125, problem 4.1
Suppose that data are stored on 1
.
4
Mbyte
ﬂoppy diskettes that weigh 30
g
each. Suppose that an airliner carries 10
4
kg
of these ﬂoppies at a speed of 1000
km/h
over a distance of 5000
km
. What is the data transmission rate inbits per second of this system?
1.7 Page 126, problem 4.4
Coaxial cable is a two-wire transmission system. What is the advantage of connecting the outer conductor to the ground?
1.8 Page 126, proble 4.8
Stories abound of people who receive radio signals in ﬁlling in their teeth. Sup-pose you have one ﬁlling that is 2
.
5
mm
(0
.
0025
m
) long that acts as a radioantenna. That is, it is equal to one-half the wavelength. What frequency doyou receive?3