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GIS enabled Hospital Services and Facilities Information System (G-HIS)

GIS enabled Hospital Services and Facilities Information System (G-HIS)

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Published by Sarath Babu M G
GIS enabled Hospital Services and Facilities Information System aims to develop a user friendly information system allows exploring the availability of services, various option based on proximity, availability of doctors etc.
GIS enabled Hospital Services and Facilities Information System aims to develop a user friendly information system allows exploring the availability of services, various option based on proximity, availability of doctors etc.

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Published by: Sarath Babu M G on Dec 11, 2009
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04/02/2013

pdf

 
3
rd 
DGSI
International Geography Conference
 , 26 – 28 September 2008, Nagpur, India
GIS enabled Hospital Services and Facilities Information System (G-HIS)
A Case Study of Thiruvananthapuram City, Kerala
Sarath Babu.M.G
1
, R.Thulaseedharan Pillai
2
, T.Radhakrishnan
3
1
Project Staff, Soil Conservation Directorate Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala,
2
Head, Department of Geography University College, Thiruvananthapuram, 
3
Chief Technology Officer, Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management-Kerala, (IIITMK) Technopark, Thiruvananthapuram, 
 
 Abstract
Readily available authentic information about services and facilities are very vital to the citizens. Inthe case of hospitals, the information is still more critical as even the slightest delay in decision-making can have serious impacts. Such a comprehensive information base is absent in the case of the services and facilities offered by hospitals. The present study aims at developing a GIS basedInformation System for all available Services and Facilities of hospitals in Thiruvananthapuramcity. GIS allows the integration of geographic and non-geographic (attribute) information tofacilitate realistic decision-making. The GIS environment also allows exploring the availability of services, various options based on proximity, availability of doctors etc. in a user-friendly interactive interface.Key words: Hospitals, GIS, Information System, User friendly interface
Background
Readily available authentic information about services and facilities are very vital to the citizens.In the case of hospitals, the information is still more critical as even the slightest delay indecision-making can have serious impacts. As medical industry is getting more and moreadvanced and sophisticated with diagnostic, healing and other health care services, providing such information to the citizen as well as those working in the industry itself, helps better andtimely decision support. There are several public and private hospitals in Thiruvananthapuram City. No effort has beenmade in consolidating information on the services and facilities offered by these hospitals.Geographical Information System (GIS) is a computer based technology that allows theintegration of geographic and non-geographic (attribute) information to facilitate realisticdecision-making support.GIS is a powerful tool for handling spatial data. It facilitates logistics based decision making atgreater speed. GIS is characterized with natural way of representation of spatially distributed dataand integrate different themes.
1
 
3
rd 
DGSI
International Geography Conference
 , 26 – 28 September 2008, Nagpur, India
Realizing the need for a comprehensive information system on Hospital services and facilitiesand its role in the welfare of the society, the study attempts to establish a GIS enabled HospitalServices and Facilities Information System (G-HIS). 
Objective
 The prime objective of the study was to develop a GIS based Information System for allavailable Services and Facilities of hospitals in Thiruvananthapuram city. The specific objectives of the study were the following;
 To develop a GIS based spatial database of Thiruvananthapuram City 
 To survey and map the Hospital locations
 To carry out a detailed primary survey on Hospital services and facilities
 To develop a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) of the HospitalInformation System
 To establish a desktop based, integrated GIS and RDBMS environment
Methodology
 The methodology of the study involved two major components; GIS and RDBMS. The base map of the Thiruvananthapuram city was digitized in GIS environment, keeping thescanned Survey of India map as backdrop image. The image was georeferenced using the groundcontrol points (GCPs) collected using Global Positioning System (GPS) at various landmark locations of the City. The geographic coordinate locations of 32 identified major hospitals were collected using GPS. The data was stored as MS ACCEES table and the same was added in GIS environment as anew layer with proper Identification numbers. After a few discussions held with an expert community working in the various sectors of medicalindustry such as hospital administration, public health, health care etc., a data-entry form wasdesigned. This form consisted the details such as name, address, contact number, category typeand website ID of hospitals and second part being information on services, doctors etc.
2
 
3
rd 
DGSI
International Geography Conference
 , 26 – 28 September 2008, Nagpur, India
 The database consist the following tables
Hospital – Basic profile
Departments
Services and Facilities
Doctors
 
 A database schema was designed in MS ACCESS containing multiple tables, structuresand various logical relations among tables. (Screenshot No: 1)
Screenshot No: 1 showing the Database Structure
In the desktop GIS environment all the spatial and RDBMS data were added. The hospital layer was connected with the RDBMS using appropriate foreign key.Since the hospital information included multiple tables, one-to-many relationship was establishedin the GIS information that connected the detailed tables with the hospital layer.
3

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