At the start, in businesses and other organizations, internal reporting wasmade manually and only periodically, and gave limited and delayedinformation on management performance. Previously, data had to beseparated individually by the people as per the requirement and necessity of the organization. Later, data and information was distinguished and insteadof the collection of mass of data, important and to the point data that isneeded by the organization and was stored.
An 'MIS' is a planned system of the collecting, processing, storing anddisseminating data in the form of information needed to carry out thefunctions of management. In a way it is a documented report of the activitiesthose were planned and executed.“MIS” management information systems, the terms
must briefly be defined.
is a combination or arrangement of parts to form an integratedwhole. A system includes anorderlyarrangement according to somecommon principles or rules. A system is a plan or method of doingsomething.
is what is used in the act of informing or the state of beinginformed. Information includes knowledge acquired by some means
is a process that is used to accomplish organizational goals;that is, a process that is used to achieve what an organization wants toachieve. An organization could be a business, a school, a city, a group of volunteers, or any governmental entity The four key functions of management are applied throughout anorganization
setting organizational goals.
refers to the way the organization allocates resources,assigns tasks, and goes about accomplishing its goals.
It is supervising, or leading workers to accomplish the goals of the organization
involves the evaluation activities that managers mustperform.Management information systems are those systems that allow managers tomake decisions for the successful operation of businesses. Managementinformation systems consist of computer resources, people, and proceduresused in the modern business enterprise.
Management Levels and Functions