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05/29/2011

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College Algebra

Tutorial 49:Solving Systems of Linear Equations in Two Variables

Learning Objectives
After completing this tutorial, you should be able to:1.Know if an ordered pair is a solution to a system of linear equations intwo variables or not.2.Solve a system of linear equations in two variables by graphing.3.Solve a system of linear equations in two variables by the substitutionmethod.4.Solve a system of linear equations in two variables by the elimination byaddition method.
Introduction
In this tutorial we will be specifically looking at systems that have two equationsand two unknowns. Tutorial 50: Solving Systems of Linear Equations in ThreeVariables will cover systems that have three equations and three unknowns. Wewill look at solving them three different ways: by graphing, by the substitutionmethod, and by the elimination by addition method. So, let's go ahead and look at these systems.

Tutorial

System of Linear Equations

A system of linear equations is two or more linear equations that are beingsolved simultaneously.
In this tutorial, we will be looking at systems that have only two linear equationsand two unknowns.
Solution of a System

In general, a solution of a system in two variables is an ordered pair thatmakes BOTH equations true.
In other words, it is where the two graphs intersect, what they have in common.So if an ordered pair is a solution to one equation, but not the other, then it is NOT a solution to the system.A
consistent system
is a system that has
at least one solution.
An
inconsistent system
is a system that
has no solution
.The equations of a system are
dependent
if ALL the solutions of one equationare also solutions of the other equation. In other words, they end up being
thesame line
.The equations of a system are
independent
if they
do not share ALLsolutions
. They can have one point in common, just not all of them.
There are three possible outcomes that you may encounter when workingwith these systems:
1.

2.
3.
One Solution

If the system in two variables has one solution, it is an ordered pair that is asolution to BOTH equations.
In other words, when you plug in the values of the ordered pair it makes BOTH equations TRUE.If you do get one solution for your final answer,
If you said consistent, give yourself a pat on the back!If you do get one solution for your final answer,
If you said independent, you are correct!
The graph below illustrates a system of two equations and two unknownsthat has one solution:

No Solution

If the two lines are parallel to each other, they will never intersect.
Thismeans they do not have any points in common. In this situation, you wouldhave no solution.If you get no solution for your final answer,

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