Optimal cost design of water distribution networksusing harmony search
ZONG WOO GEEM
Environmental Planning and Management Program, Johns Hopkins University729 Fallsgrove Drive #6133, Rockville, MD 20850, USATel: 301-294-3893, Fax: 301-610-4950
This study presents a cost minimization model for the design of water distributionnetworks. The model uses a recently developed harmony search optimization algorithmwhile satisfying all the design constraints. The harmony search algorithm mimics a jazzimprovisation process in order to find better design solutions, in this case pipe diametersin a water distribution network. The model also interfaces with a popular hydraulicsimulator, EPANET, to check the hydraulic constraints. If the design solution vector violates the hydraulic constraints, the amount of violation is considered in the costfunction as a penalty. The model was applied to five water distribution networks, andobtained designs that were either the same or cost 0.28 - 10.26% less than those of competitive meta-heuristic algorithms, such as the genetic algorithm, simulated annealing,and tabu search under the similar or less favorable conditions. The results show that theharmony search-based model is suitable for water network design.
: Water distribution network; Harmony search; Meta-heuristic algorithm
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