A protest against an adult bookstore in Uniontown, Indiana, USASome religiousconservatives, such as Jerry Falwell, criticize pornography on moral grounds. They saysex is reserved for married couples, to be used only as the Bible says, and assert that useof pornography could lead to an overall increase in behavior considered to be sexuallyimmoral.Many are opposed to pornography because of religious conventions and morals,as exemplified by the Catechism of the Catholic Church, which states:"Pornography consists in removing real or simulated sexual acts from the intimacy of the partners, in order to display them deliberately to third parties. It offends against chastity because it perverts the conjugal act, the intimate giving of spouses to each other. It doesgrave injury to the dignity of its participants (actors, vendors, the public), since each one becomes an object of base pleasure and illicit profit for others. It immerses all who areinvolved in the illusion of a fantasy world. It is a grave offense. Civil authorities should prevent the production and distribution of pornographic materials." Section 2354
Feminist positions on pornography are diverse. Some feminists, such as DianaRussell, Andrea Dworkin, Catharine MacKinnon, Susan Brownmiller, DorchenLeidholdt, and Robin Morgan, argue that pornography is degrading to women, andcomplicit in violence against women both in its production (where, they charge, abuseand exploitation of women performing in pornography is rampant) and in its consumption(where, they charge, pornography eroticizes the domination, humiliation, and coercion of women, and reinforces sexual and cultural attitudes that are complicit in rape and sexualharassment). Many feminists differentiate between different sorts of porn and may seesome as fairly harmless. Those that favour a complete ban on pornography are actually asmall minority, but they tend to receive more attention in the media. The majority of feminists would consider porn to be a small issue.Beginning in the late 1970s, anti-pornography radical feminists formedorganizations such as Women Against Pornography that provided educational events,including slide-shows, speeches, and guided tours of the sex industry in Times Square, inorder to raise awareness of the content of pornography and the sexual subculture in pornography shops and live sex shows.