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Analytical Exposition

Analytical Exposition

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Published by Full of Imagination

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Published by: Full of Imagination on Dec 11, 2009
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08/01/2013

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ANALYTICAL EXPOSITIONPurpose
: to persuade by presenting argumentsto analyze or explain ‘how’ and ‘why’
Text Organization
:A thesisArgumentsReiteration or Conclusion
Language Features :
Emotive words (e.g. worried, alarmed etc)Words that qualify statements (e.g. usual, Probably etc)Words that link arguments (e.g. firstly, However, therefore etc)An analytical exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to persuade the listeners or readers that something is the case. To make the persuasionstronger, the speaker or writer gives some arguments as the fundamental reasons whysomething is the case. This type of text can be found in scientific books, journals,magazines, newspaper articles, academic speech or lectures, research report etc.Analytical expositions are popular among science, academic community and educated people. The generic structure of analytical exposition usually has three components: 
(1) Thesis, (2) Arguments and (3) Reiteration or conclusion.A.Generic Structure of Analytical Exposition1. Thesis
: Introduces the topic and shows speaker or writer’s position;Outlines of the arguments are presented.
2. Arguments
: It consists about Point and Elaboration
Point
, states the main argument
Elaboration
, develops and supports each point of argument
3. Conclusion
: Reiteration (restatement), restates speaker or writer’s position
B. Generic Features of Analytical Exposition
1.An analytical exposition focuses on generic human and non human participants.2.It uses mental processes. It is used to state what the writer or speaker thinks or feels about something. For example: realize, feel etc.3.It uses emotive and evaluative words4.It often needs material processes. It is used to state what happens, e.g. ….has polluted… etc.5.It usually uses Simple Present Tense and Present Perfect Tense.6.Enumeration is sometimes necessary to show the list of given arguments: Firstly,secondly …, Finally, etc.
 
Analytical ExpositionSocial Function (Tujuan / Fungsi Sosial)
To persuade the reader or listener that something is the case. (Untuk meyakinkan danmempengaruhi pembaca atau pendengar bahwa ada masalah yang perlu mendapat perhatian)
Generic Structure (Struktur)a. Thesis Position
: Introduces topics and indicates writer’s position. (Memberitahukantopic dan menunjukkan pendapat penulis). 
b. Arguments Points
: Menjelaskan argument dan elaborasi (dijelaskan secaramendetail
c. Reiteration
: Restates writer position : Menjelaskan kembali posisi penulis atau penguatan kembali posisi penulis
Significant Lexicogrammatical Features (Ciri – ciri yang menonjol)
General nouns, misalnya car, pollution, leaded petrol car, dsb.· Abstract nouns, misalnya policy, government, dsb.· Technical verbs, misalnya species of animals, dsb.· Relatingverbs, misalnya It is important, dsb.· Action verbs, misalnya She must save, dsb.·Thinking verbs, misalnya Many people believe, dsb· Modal verbs, misalnya we must preserve, dsb.· Modal adverbs, misalnya certainly, we, dsb.· Connectives, misalnya firstly, secondly,dsb.· Bahasa evaluatif, misalnya important, valuable, trustworthy, dsb.* Kalimat pasif 
 
Read the following text of Analytical Exposition!The Importance of English
Thesis
{ I personally think that English is the world’s most important language. Why do Isay that?
Argument 1
{ Firstly, English is an international language. It is spoken by many peopleall around the world, either as a first or second language.
Argument 2
{ Secondly, English is also the key which opens doors to scientific andtechnical knowledge, which is needed for the economic and political development of many countries in the world.
Argument 3
{ Thirdly, English is a top requirement of those seeking jobs. Applicantswho master either active or passive English are more favorable than those who do not.
Conclusion
{ From the fact above, it is obvious that everybody needs to learn English togreet the global era. Notes:1.Enumerations such as Firstly, secondly, thirdly etc are sometimes given to showthe list of given arguments2.Present Tense: I think, English is international language, Everybody needs tolearn English etc.

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