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The Colored Regulars in the United States Army by Steward, T. G.

The Colored Regulars in the United States Army by Steward, T. G.

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Colored Regulars in the United States
Army, by T. G. Steward

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net

Title: The Colored Regulars in the United States Army
Author: T. G. Steward
Release Date: September 25, 2005 [EBook #16750]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE COLORED REGULARS ***

Produced by Suzanne Shell, Richard J. Shiffer, and the PG
Online Distributed Proofreading Team.
THE COLORED REGULARS
IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY

With a Sketch of the History of the Colored American, and an Account of
His Services in the Wars of the Country, from the
Period of the Revolutionary War to 1899.

INTRODUCTORY LETTER FROM
Lieutenant-General Nelson A. Miles
Commanding the Army of the United States.
*
*
*
*
*
By CHAPLAIN T.G. STEWARD, D.D.,
Twenty-fifth U.S. Infantry.
Philadelphia
A.M.E. Book Concern,
631 Pine Street.
1904
[Illustration: Chaplain T.G. Steward, D.D.]
TABLE OF CONTENTS.

INTRODUCTORY.
CHAPTER I.--SKETCH OF SOCIAL HISTORY.
The Importation of the Africans. Character of the Colored Population

in 1860. Colored Population in British West Indian Possessions. Free
Colored People of the South. Free Colored People of the North. Notes.21
CHAPTER II.--THE AMERICAN NEGRO AND THE MILITARY SPIRIT.

Early Literature of Negro Soldiers. Negro Soldiers in the War of the Revolution. The War of 1812. Negro Insurrections. Negro Troops in the Civil War. Notes.

57
CHAPTER III.--THE BLACK REGULARS OF THE ARMY OF INVASION IN THE
SPANISH WAR.
Organization of Negro Regiments in the Regular Army. First Movement in
the War. Chickamauga and Tampa. Notes.
84
CHAPTER IV.--BRIEF SKETCH OF SPANISH HISTORY.

107
CHAPTER V.--PASSAGE, LANDING, AND FIRST BATTLE IN CUBA.
The Tenth Cavalry at Guasimas. The "Rescue of the Rough Riders." Was

there an Ambush? Notes.

116
CHAPTER VI.--THE BATTLE OF EL CANEY.
The Capture of the Stone Fort by the Twenty-fifth Infantry.

150
CHAPTER VII.--SAN JUAN.
Cavalry Division: The Ninth and Tenth Regiments. Kent's Division: The

Twenty-fourth Infantry. Forming under fire. A Gallant Charge.

191
CHAPTER VIII.--SAN JUAN (Continued).
Kent's Division. The Twenty-fourth Infantry. Forming Under Fire. A

Gallant Charge.

208
CHAPTER IX.--THE SURRENDER AND AFTERWARDS.
In the Trenches. The Twenty-fourth in the Fever Camp. Are Negro

Soldiers Immune? Camp Wikoff.

220
CHAPTER X.--REVIEW AND REFLECTIONS.
Gallantry of the Black Regulars. Diary of Sergeant Major E.L. Baker,

Tenth Cavalry.

236
CHAPTER XI.--THE COLORED VOLUNTEERS.
The Ninth Ohio Battalion. Eighth Illinois. Twenty-third Kansas. Third

North Carolina. Sixth Virginia. Third Alabama. The Immunes.

282
CHAPTER XII.--COLORED OFFICERS.
By Captain Frank R. Steward, A.B., LL.B., Harvard, 49th U. S.

Volunteer Infantry.
299
APPENDIX.
328
PREFACE.

The material out of which the story of the COLORED REGULARS has been
constructed has been collected with great pains, and upon it has been
expended a serious amount of labor and care. All the movements of the
Cuban campaign, and particularly of the battles, have been carefully
studied by the aid of official reports, and conversations and
correspondence with those who participated in them. The work has been
performed with an earnest desire to obtain and present the truth,
hoping that the reader will be inspired by it to a more profound
respect for the brave and skilled black men who passed through that
severe baptism of fire and suffering, contributing their full share to
their country's honor.

It is also becoming in this place to mention with gratitude the
encouragement given by the War Department both in granting me the time
in which to do the work, and also in supplying me with documents and
furnishing other facilities. By this enlightened course on the part of
the Department great aid has been given to historical science, and,
incidentally, very important service rendered to the cause of freedom
and humanity. A struggling people has been helped and further glory
reflected upon the Government. The President, himself, has manifested
a kindly interest in the work, and has wished that the story of the
black soldiers should be told to the world. The interest of the
Commanding General of the Army is shown in his letter.

Thus encouraged from official sources and receiving the most hearty
words of cheer from friends, of whom none has been more potent or more
earnest than Bishop B.W. Arnett, D.D., of the African M.E. Church, I
have, after five months of severe labor, about completed my task, so
far as I find it in my power to complete it; and trusting that the
majesty and interest of the story itself will atone for any defects in
the style of the narration, the volume is now offered to a sympathetic
public, affectionately dedicated to the men whose heroic services have
furnished the theme for my pen.

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