Waste management is the collection, transport, processing,recycling or disposal, and monitoring of waste materials. Theterm usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and isgenerally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, theenvironment or aesthetics. Waste management is also carried out torecover resources from it. Waste management can involve solid,liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances, with different methodsand fields of expertise for each.Waste management practices differ for developed and developingnations, for urban and rural areas, and for residential and industrialproducers. Management for non-hazardous residential andinstitutional waste in metropolitan areas is usually theresponsibility of local government authorities, while managementfor non-hazardous commercial and industrial waste is usually theresponsibility of the generator.
Liquid Waste Management
LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN TOWN PANCHAYATS
Liquid Waste ManagementMany Town Panchayat with a population of above 25000 have been generatingliquid waste water and the panchayats do not have proper underground sewer network, the sewage is conveyed through open drains and discharged in tothe nearest water bodies such as river , lakes and land causing considerableenvironmental damage. The Town Panchayats are generating considerableamount of sewage which is disposed off with out any treatment causingenvironmental pollution and health hazards.Since the sewage discharge is continuous and ever increasing steadily due tobetter water supply and population growth, the receiving water bodies are putin to severe stress for supply of dissolved oxygen and are completely filled upwith organic and inorganic solids resulting fish kills , producing obnoxiousodor , breeding ground for mosquitoes and land pollution. Hence it has beenproposed to install a waste water treatment plant and treated waste water isreleased to the environment with out creating any problem for the Flora andFauna of the receiving water bodies and waste land.Why waste water Treatment Plant ?The wastewater generated from all the Panchayat was disposed off into thewater bodies, lake without any proper treatment. The sewage contains largequantity of suspended dissolved and colloidal matter. The sewage solids may