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Published by fae-ar_razi

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Published by: fae-ar_razi on Dec 12, 2009
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09/26/2010

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 The Chromosome Theory o The Chromosome Theory of  InheritanceInheritance
In 1902, Walter Sutton, along with TheodorIn 1902, Walter Sutton, along with TheodorBoveri proposed a theory that chromosomesBoveri proposed a theory that chromosomeswere the carriers of Mendel’s factor (laterwere the carriers of Mendel’s factor (latercalled as genes). They found a close similaritycalled as genes). They found a close similaritybetween transmission of hereditary traits andbetween transmission of hereditary traits andbehavior of chromosomes while passing frombehavior of chromosomes while passing fromone generation to the next. The twoone generation to the next. The twoinvestigators suggested that segregation andinvestigators suggested that segregation andindependent assortment are properties of independent assortment are properties of chromosomes.chromosomes.
 
Soon thereafter, genetic investigations withSoon thereafter, genetic investigations withseveral organisms revealed that certainseveral organisms revealed that certaingenes were not transmitted according togenes were not transmitted according tothe law of independent assortment. Whenthe law of independent assortment. Whenstudied together in matings, these genesstudied together in matings, these genesseemed to segregate as if they wereseemed to segregate as if they weresomehow joined or linked together. Furthersomehow joined or linked together. Furtherinvestigations showed that such genes wereinvestigations showed that such genes werethe part of the same chromosome and theythe part of the same chromosome and theywere indeed transmitted as a single unitwere indeed transmitted as a single unit

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