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Inclusion Lens: Workbook for looking at social and economic exclusion and inclusion

Inclusion Lens: Workbook for looking at social and economic exclusion and inclusion

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An Inclusion Lens
Workbook for Looking at Social and Economic Exclusion and Inclusion
Population and Public Health Branch
Atlantic Region
 
Prepared by 
Malcolm Shookner 
Population Health Research UnitDalhousie University
and 
Social Inclusion Reference GroupAtlantic RegionJune 2002The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Health Canada.Également disponible en français sous le titre
Une optique d’inclusion : Cahier d’exercices pour unregard sur l’exclusion et l’inclusion socio-économiques
Contents may not be reproduced for commercial purposes, but any other reproduction, with acknowl-edgments, is encouraged. Please credit the source asfollows:An Inclusion Lens: Workbook for Looking at Social andEconomic Exclusion and Inclusion. 2002. Produced byMalcolm Shookner, Population Health Research Unit,Dalhousie University, for the Population and PublicHealth Branch, Atlantic Regional Office, Health Canada.
For more information contact:
Atlantic Regional OfficePopulation and Public Health BranchHealth Canada1525 – 1505 Barrington StreetHalifax, NS B3J 3Y6Tel: (902) 426-2700Fax: (902) 426-9689E-mail: pphatlantic-spspatlantique@hc-sc.gc.caWeb site: www.pph-atlantic.ca© HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN IN RIGHT OF CANADA(2002) as represented by the Minister of Health.The author wishes to acknowledge the support andassistance of the Social Inclusion Reference Groupmembers who contributed their time and expertiseto the creation of this document:
Sandy Bentley,
Interministerial Women’s Secretariat,Prince Edward Island
Tryna Booth,
First Nations and Inuit Health Branch,Atlantic Regional Office, Health Canada
Marie Corinne Bourque,
Go Ahead Seniors, NewBrunswick
Moyra Buchan,
Canadian Mental Health Association,Newfoundland and Labrador
Fiona Chin-Yee,
Population and Public Health Branch,Atlantic Regional Office, Health Canada
 Josephine Grey,
National Anti-Poverty Organization
 Judy Hughes,
Pictou County Persons with DisabilitiesPartnership Society, Nova Scotia
Stephanie Hunter,
FemJEPP
Stella Lord,
Nova Scotia Advisory Council on theStatus of Women
Margie Macdonald,
Population and Public HealthBranch, Atlantic Regional Office, Health Canada
Peggy Mahon,
St. Francis Xavier University, NovaScotia
Léo-Paul Pinet,
Centre de Bénévolat de la PéninsuleAcadienne Inc., New Brunswick
Maureen O’Connell,
Atlantic Canada OpportunitiesAgency
Michael Rushe,
Human Resources Development Canada
Linda Snyder,
Atlantic Centre for Excellence inWomen’s HealthSpecial thanks go to my colleague, Mike Pennock,Population Health Research Unit, Dalhousie University,for his contributions, and to the Population and PublicHealth Branch, Atlantic Regional Office, Health Canada,for providing the leadership and funding to developthe lens.
 
What are social andeconomic inclusion?
Inclusion is a term that is familiar to most peoplein their everyday lives. We feel included, orexcluded, from family, neighbourhood, or communityactivities. Inclusion and exclusion have also beenrecognized as social issues in Europe since the1970s, where it has become a central feature of public policies.
1
In Atlantic Canada, social andeconomic exclusion and inclusion have recentlybecome the focus of attention among those whoare concerned about poverty and its many negativeeffects on people:Those who are excluded, whether because of poverty, ill health, gender, race or lack of edu-cation, do not have the opportunity for full participation in the economic and social benefitsof society.
2
What is an inclusion lens?
A lens is an aid to improve vision. It can alsoprovide a new way to look at the root causes of oldproblems, like poverty, discrimination, disadvantage,and disability. The term “Inclusion Lens” used hereis a shorthand way of looking at social and eco-nomic exclusion and inclusion. The Inclusion Lensis a tool for analyzing
legislation, policies, programs,
and
 practices
to determine whether they promotethe social and economic inclusion of individuals,families, and communities. It will open up mindsto new ways of thinking and open doors to newsolutions for old problems. Ultimately, it providesa new way to encourage change that will trans-form society.The Inclusion Lens is designed for use by policymakers, program managers, and community leaderswho work in the context of social and economicexclusion, in both the public and non-profit
 sectors.
It will also be a tool for activists insocial movements, such as women and peoplewith disabilities, and community developersworking toward healthy, sustainable communities.It provides a method for analyzing both the con-ditions of exclusion and solutions that promoteinclusion. It also provides a way of beginning to
 plan
for inclusion.
Why is such a tool needed?
Social and economic exclusion and inclusion haveemerged as new ways of understanding povertyand disadvantage, and their impact on healthand well-being, by creating a shared understand-ing across sectors and
 jurisdictions
as the basisfor action. One of the overarching objectives of the Population and Public Health Branch, AtlanticRegional Office, Health Canada, is to influencethe development of healthy public policies andprograms which address the determinants of health and which promote social and economicinclusion. (See Appendix 2 for more informationabout the determinants of health.)
Strategies
to promote social and economic inclu-sion call for actions that respond to individual,family, community, and societal concerns.Complex problems require complex solutions.Action is required from many sectors of societyto address the
 systemic 
nature of exclusion.Policy makers need tools and methods to createpublic policies that are inclusive. These toolshelp them translate the
concepts
of social andeconomic exclusion and inclusion into concreteterms that can then be fed into the public policydevelopment process.The Inclusion Lens provides a way to begin thedialogue with excluded groups, raise awarenessabout how exclusion works, and identify steps tomove toward policies, programs, and practicesthat will be inclusive.
1
An Inclusion Lens
Workbook for Looking at Social and Economic Exclusion and Inclusion

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