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Published by: blue_blooded23 on Dec 12, 2009
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05/11/2014

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Commonly known as Roundworms
unsegmented terrestrial, freshwater, or marine worms
almost worldwide in distribution
abundant in the surface layers of soils (geohelminths)
cylindrical, tapering animals with simple bodies
They consist an interior gut and a muscular outer wall,separated by a fluid-filled cavity called a pseudocoel
The outer wall secretes an elastic cuticle that is molted fourtimes during the animal's lifetime
Species range in size from microscopic to about 10 cm (about4 in) long
Most species have separate sexes (dioecious), but a few arehermaphroditic
fertilization is internal
NEMATODES
 
 
 Ascaris lumbricoides Ascaris lumbricoides
– giant intestinal roundworms– giant intestinal roundworms- causes Ascariasis, the most prevalent form of - causes Ascariasis, the most prevalent form of parasitism in the Philippinesparasitism in the Philippines
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 Transmission by ingestion of mature embryonated Transmission by ingestion of mature embryonatedeggseggs
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Usually asymptomatic in mild infestationUsually asymptomatic in mild infestation
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S/Sx: colicky periumbilical pain, malnutrition andS/Sx: colicky periumbilical pain, malnutrition andacute intestinal obstruction can occur in massiveacute intestinal obstruction can occur in massiveinfestationsinfestations
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Stressful conditions (fever, illness, drugs) canStressful conditions (fever, illness, drugs) canstimulate worms to migrate causing:stimulate worms to migrate causing:
biliary obstructionbiliary obstruction
Gut wall perforationGut wall perforation
acute appendicitisacute appendicitis
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Dx: stool exam (ova or worms)Dx: stool exam (ova or worms)CBC (eosinophilia)CBC (eosinophilia) Treatment: Mebendazole, Pyrantel Pamoate, Piperazine Treatment: Mebendazole, Pyrantel Pamoate, Piperazinecitratecitrate
 
 
 Ascaris lumbricoides (adult)

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