Scientific American Supplement. Vol. XI, No. 288.
Scientific American established 1845
Scientific American Supplement, $5 a year.
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diagrams of a new English dry air refrigerator
Thomas' Improved Steam Wheel. 1 figure
The American Society of Civil Engineers. Address of President Francis, at the Thirteenth Annual
from vegetable mould, etc.
Detection of Alcohol in Transparent Soaps. By H. JAY
On the Calorific Power of Fuel, and on Thompson's Calorimeter. By J.W. THOMAS
Explosion as an Unknown Fire Hazard. A suggestive review of the conditions of explosions, with
written for brewers
Manufacture of Soaps and their Production. By W. J. MENZIES
The Preparation of Perfume Pomades. 1 figure. "Ensoufflage" apparatus for perfumes
Organic Matter in Sea Water
Bacteria Life. Influence of heat and various gases and chemical compounds on bacteria life
On the Composition of Elephant's Milk. By Dr. CHAS. A. DOREMUS. Comparison of elephant's milk
with that of ten other mammals
The Chemical Composition of Rice. Maize, and Barley. By J. STEINER
Petroleum Oils. Character and properties of the various distillates of crude petroleum. Fire risks
attending the use of the lighter petroleum oils
Composition of the Petroleum of the Caucasus. By P. SCHULZENBERGER and N. TONINE
Notes on Cananga Oil. or Ilang-Ilang Oil. By F. A. FL\u00dcCKIGER. 1 figure. Flower and leaf of Cananga
Chian Turpentine, and the Tree which Produces It. By Dr. STIEPOWICH. of Chios, Turkey
On the Change of Volume which Accompanies the Galvanic Deposition of a Metal. By M. E. BOUTY
Analysis of the Rice Soils of Burmah. By R. ROMANIC, Chemical Examiner, British Burmah
III. PHYSICS AND PHYSICAL APPARATUS.--Seyfferth's Pyrometer. 7 figures.--Pyrometer with electric
indicator.--Method of mounting by means of a cone on vacuum apparatus.--Mounting by means of a
sleeve.--Mounting by means of a thread on a tube.-- Mounting by means of a clasp in reservoirs.--The
pyrometer mounted on a bone-black furnace.--Mounted on a brick furnace
Economy of the Electric Light. W. H. PREECE'S Experiments Investigations
On the Space Protected by a Lightning Conductor. By WM. H. PREECE.--5 figures
Photo-Electricity of Fluor Spar Crystals
The Aurora Borealis and Telegraph Cables
The Photographic Image: What It Is. By T. H. MORTON. 1 figure.--Section of sensitive plate after
exposure and during development
Gelatine Transparencies for the Lantern
An Integrating Machine. By C. V. BOYS.--1 figure
Upon a Modification of Wheatstone's Microphone and its Applicability to Radiophonic Researches. By
A Chemist of merit, Mr. A. M\u00fcntz, who has already made himself known by important labors and by
analytical researches of great precision, has been led to a very curious and totally unexpected discovery, on
the subject of which he has kindly given us information in detail, which we place before our readers. Mr.
M\u00fcntz has discovered that arable soil, waters of the ocean and streams, and the atmosphere contain traces of
alcohol; and that this compound, formed by the fermentation of organic matters, is everywhere distributed
throughout nature. We should add that only infinitesimal quantities are involved--reaching only the proportion
of millionths--yet the fact, for all that, offers a no less powerful interest. The method of analysis which has
permitted the facts to be shown is very elegant and scrupulously exact, and is worthy of being made known.
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