Scientific American Supplement. Vol. XXIII, No. 595.
Scientific American established 1845
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BOTANY.\u2014The Relation of Tabasheer to Mineral Substances.\ue000The composition of this curious
secretion of the bamboo.\ue001Analyses and properties of the material, according to various
observers.\ue002Its appearance under the microscope. 1 illustration.
HYGIENE.\ue011Climate in its Relation to Health.\ue012By G.V. POORE, M.D.\ue013The third lecture of this
series.\ue014Consideration of the floating matter of the air and diseases caused thereby.\ue015Causation of hay
IX. NAVAL ENGINEERING.—Another Remarkable Torpedo Boat.—Over twenty-eight miles an hour.—Full particulars of the trial of one of the new Italian torpedo boats, built by Yarrow & Co.
The experiments with life saving appliances which Mr. Copeman brought before the delegates of the Colonial
Conference, on the 13th April, at the Westminster Aquarium, had a particular interest, due to the late and
lamentable accident which befell the Newhaven-Dieppe passenger steamer Victoria. In many cases of this
nature, loss of life must rather be attributed to panic than to a want of life saving appliances; but, as a general
rule, an abundant supply of such apparatus will tend to give passengers confidence, and prevent the outbreak
of such discreditable scenes on the part of passengers as took place on the Victoria.
Messrs. Copeman & Pinhey have, for some years past, done good work in this direction, and at the recent
meeting of the Institution of Naval Architects, Mr. Copeman showed several models of the latest types of their
life saving apparatus, both for use on torpedo boats and passenger steamers. Our illustration (Fig. 1)
represents the kind of rafts supplied to her Majesty's troop ships, while Figs. 2 and 3 show deck seats
convertible into rafts, which are intended for ordinary passenger steamers. The raft shown in Fig. 1 consists of
two pontoons, joined by strong cross beams, and fitted with mast, sail, and oars. When not in use, the
pontoons form deck seats, covered by a wooden grating, which in our illustration forms the middle part of the
raft. Each pontoon has a compartment for storing provisions, and when rigged as a raft, there is a railing to
prevent persons being washed overboard.
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