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Scientific American Supplement, No. 595, May 28, 1887 by Various

Scientific American Supplement, No. 595, May 28, 1887 by Various

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SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN SUPPLEMENT NO. 595
NEW YORK, MAY 28, 1887

Scientific American Supplement. Vol. XXIII, No. 595.
Scientific American established 1845
Scientific American Supplement, $5 a year.
Scientific American and Supplement, $7 a year.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.
I.

BOTANY.\u2014The Relation of Tabasheer to Mineral Substances.\ue000The composition of this curious
secretion of the bamboo.\ue001Analyses and properties of the material, according to various
observers.\ue002Its appearance under the microscope. 1 illustration.

II.
CHEMISTRY.\ue003Apparatus for Drying Flour.\ue004An apparatus for determining the moisture in flour. 1
illustration.
III. ELECTRICITY.\ue005Automatic Commutator for Incandescent Lamps.\ue006An apparatus for lighting
automatically a new lamp to replace one that has failed. 1 illustration.
Definitions and Designations in Electro-Technics.\ue007Mr. Jamieson's proposed code of electric
symbols\ue008literal and graphic. 4 illustrations.
IV. ENGINEERING.\ue009New Dredging Machinery.\ue00aThe dredger Ajax, recently built in California.\ue00bIts
dimensions and capacity. 1 illustration.
Reservoir Dams.\ue00cBy DAVID GRAVELL.\ue00dThe engineering details of dams.\ue00eTypical masonry and
earthwork dams of the world. 23 illustrations.
The Flexible Girder Tramway.\ue00fA new type of suspended railway\ue010a modification of the wire
tramway system. 21 illustrations.
V.

HYGIENE.\ue011Climate in its Relation to Health.\ue012By G.V. POORE, M.D.\ue013The third lecture of this
series.\ue014Consideration of the floating matter of the air and diseases caused thereby.\ue015Causation of hay
fever.

VI. MATHEMATICS.\ue016Radii of Curvature Geometrically Determined.\ue017By Prof. C.W. MACCORD,
Sc.D.\ue018No. VII. Path of a point on a connecting rod. 3 illustrations.
VII. MICROSCOPY.\ue019Improved Microscopical Settling Tube.\ue01aBy F. VANDERPOEL.\ue01bNew tubes for
use in urinary analysis. 4 illustrations.
VIII. MISCELLANEOUS.\ue01cApparatus for Manufacturing Bouquets.\ue01dAn ingenious machine for
facilitating the construction of bouquets. 1 illustration.
Bozerian's Refrigerant Punkas.\ue01eA fan worked by the feet, a substitute for the Indian punka. 2
illustrations.
How to Make a Kite without a Tail.—An improved form of kite described and illustrated. 1
illustration.
SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN SUPPLEMENT NO. 595
1
Punkas.—By J. WALLACE, C.E.—The mechanics of punkas; experiments on their rate
of swing.
The Edible Earth of Java.—An account of this curious substance, its taste and appearance.

IX. NAVAL ENGINEERING.—Another Remarkable Torpedo Boat.—Over twenty-eight miles an hour.—Full particulars of the trial of one of the new Italian torpedo boats, built by Yarrow & Co.

Copeman & Pinhey's Life Rafts.—A new life raft for use on steamers, folding into deck settees.
3 illustrations.
X.
PHYSICS.—Sunlight Colors—By Capt. W. DE W. ABNEY.—A valuable lecture
on the cause of the colors of the sun, and their relative intensities. 3 illustrations.
The Wave Theory of Sound Considered.—By HENRY A. MOTT, Ph.D.,
LL.D.—Arguments against the generally accepted theory of sound.
COPEMAN & PINHEY'S LIFE RAFTS.

The experiments with life saving appliances which Mr. Copeman brought before the delegates of the Colonial
Conference, on the 13th April, at the Westminster Aquarium, had a particular interest, due to the late and
lamentable accident which befell the Newhaven-Dieppe passenger steamer Victoria. In many cases of this
nature, loss of life must rather be attributed to panic than to a want of life saving appliances; but, as a general
rule, an abundant supply of such apparatus will tend to give passengers confidence, and prevent the outbreak
of such discreditable scenes on the part of passengers as took place on the Victoria.

The Project Gutenberg eBook of Scientific American Supplement, MAY 28, 1887
Scientific American and Supplement, $7 a year.
2
FIG. 1.—COPEMAN & PINHEY'S LIFE RAFTS.

Messrs. Copeman & Pinhey have, for some years past, done good work in this direction, and at the recent
meeting of the Institution of Naval Architects, Mr. Copeman showed several models of the latest types of their
life saving apparatus, both for use on torpedo boats and passenger steamers. Our illustration (Fig. 1)
represents the kind of rafts supplied to her Majesty's troop ships, while Figs. 2 and 3 show deck seats
convertible into rafts, which are intended for ordinary passenger steamers. The raft shown in Fig. 1 consists of
two pontoons, joined by strong cross beams, and fitted with mast, sail, and oars. When not in use, the
pontoons form deck seats, covered by a wooden grating, which in our illustration forms the middle part of the
raft. Each pontoon has a compartment for storing provisions, and when rigged as a raft, there is a railing to
prevent persons being washed overboard.

FIG. 2.
The Project Gutenberg eBook of Scientific American Supplement, MAY 28, 1887
COPEMAN & PINHEY'S LIFE RAFTS.
3

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