Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
40Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Christian Review: Man Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl

Christian Review: Man Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2,876 |Likes:
Published by Dave
An evaluation of "Man's Search for Meaning" by Viktor Frankl (logotherapy) from a Christian perspective. Does the transitory nature of life make our existence meaningless? No, Frankl said, the only transitory aspects of life are the potentialities so we need to be responsible to actualize them. Once they are realized, what we have done in the past is ‘rescued and preserved from transitoriness’ like an eternal “footprint in the sands of time”. Unless we know how the story ends, we do not know its significance or meaning. For Christians, a transitory life is meaningful as we choose responsibly to live in the fear of God and to keep his commandments (Eccl. 12:13).
An evaluation of "Man's Search for Meaning" by Viktor Frankl (logotherapy) from a Christian perspective. Does the transitory nature of life make our existence meaningless? No, Frankl said, the only transitory aspects of life are the potentialities so we need to be responsible to actualize them. Once they are realized, what we have done in the past is ‘rescued and preserved from transitoriness’ like an eternal “footprint in the sands of time”. Unless we know how the story ends, we do not know its significance or meaning. For Christians, a transitory life is meaningful as we choose responsibly to live in the fear of God and to keep his commandments (Eccl. 12:13).

More info:

Published by: Dave on Dec 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/25/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 Meaning and Vanities: A Review and Evaluation of Victor Frankl’s book “Man’s Search for Meaning” in light of the biblical book of Ecclesiastes.
 Questions about life’s meaning and suffering were formerly the domains of priests or rabbis. But in a modern society, these perennial questions increasingly came under the purview of psychiatrists and doctors. In his bestseller 
 Man's Search for Meaning 
, Dr Viktor Frankl highlighted the distinctive of logotherapy,also known as the “Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy”, as the idea that “the striving to find a meaning in one's life is the primary motivational force in man”. Therefore, for logotheraphy, the focus is on the 
in contrast to the
 of Freudian psychoanalysis and the
stressed by Adlerian psychology. While Freud and Adler tried to discover primaldrives latent in the past, Frankl focused rather on the meanings one is called to fulfill in the
 
future.
1
In his moving autobiographical account of experiences in a Nazi concentrationcamp, he observed how prisoners who lost hope in the future would be subject to mentaland physical decay.
2
 According to Frankl, man’s search for meaning is not a derived projection from more basic instinctual drives or sublimations. Otherwise it would lose its ability to challenge or summon him to live or even die for these values. Unlike Sartre’s axiom that existence precedes essence, Frankl’s existentialism asserts that the meaning of our existence is notinvented by ourselves but rather we discover it as ‘something confronting existence’.
3
Those who lack a meaning worth living for and find an inner void within their heartsexperience ‘existential vacuum’. This is a widespread phenomenon of the twentiethcentury due to the loss of traditional values and rampant industrialization, manifesting itself in boredom, addiction,
the will to money
, apathy or unbridled sexual libido.
4
 As a Christian, I applaud Frankl’s critique of the determinism prevailing in much of  psychoanalysis that reduced man to nothing but a victim of hereditary or environmentalconditions. We share the hope that a ‘rehumanized psychiatry’ would replace the tendencyto treat human minds as machines and focus on mere techniques. Indeed, Frankl’s view of man is biblical in the sense that man has both the potentials of behaving like a swine or asaint. Man’s dignity lies in him being created in the image of God and yet marred by thedepravity of sin. However, Frankl has an overly optimistic view of human freedom in
1
Viktor E. Frankl,
 Man’s Search For Meaning: An Introduction to Logotherapy
, (Pocket Books: New York,1963), page120.
2
 
 Ibid.,
page 117 – 121
3
 
 Ibid.,
page 156
4
 
 Ibid.
, pages 169 - 170
 
which even the most evil persons are ultimately self-determining. Though restricted byconditions, they are free to change their own destiny. In the Christian perspective, fallenman is in need of divine rescue and inner liberation before such a change is possible. Aslong as his basic orientation is self-centered, the outward change merely vacillates betweenhedonism and legalism. ‘Existential vacuum’ (and its symptoms) express in modern termsAugustine’s ancient prayer that our hearts are restless until they find fulfillment or satisfaction in God.However, according to Frankl, the meaning of life cannot be abstract or general. Itmust be specific to a person’s life at a given moment. Everyone has his own concretemission that demands fulfillment. Logotheraphy asserts that the human ability to respond tolife’s vocation is the essence of his existence. “Ultimately, man should not ask what themeaning of his life is, but rather must recognize that it is
he
who is asked. In a word, eachman is questioned by life; and he can only answer to life by answering for his own life”.
5
 Inorder to help someone discover his own meaning, the doctor asks him question that‘confronts him with life’s
 finiteness
as well as the
 finality
of what he makes out of both hislife and himself’.
6
 The key is not self-actualization (promoted by numerous self-help books) but self-transcendence because the more we make self-fulfillment our goal, themore elusive it becomes. We transcend ourselves by fulfilling the higher meaning whichcan be detected through three different ways – 1) by achievement, 2) by experiencing awork of nature or art or a person we love and 3) by suffering. Again, Christians could agreewith Frankl’s insistence that the meaning of life is detected rather than constructed. In
5
 
 Ibid.
, page 172
6
 
 Ibid.,
 page 173. The categorical imperative of logotherapy: “So live as if you were living already for thesecond time and as if you had acted the first time as wrongly as you are about to act now!”

Activity (40)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Jpscribd liked this
Isra Hernandez liked this
Oscar Juniarta liked this
Yoppy Soleman liked this
Lazar Pavlovic liked this
SMALL EAGLE liked this
ivanlagarde liked this
osiriska liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->