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Em1110!1!4012 Prec Floc Coag

Em1110!1!4012 Prec Floc Coag

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Published by: Justin on Dec 13, 2009
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09/13/2011

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DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
EM 1110-1-4012
 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
CECW-ET
Washington, DC 20314-1000
Manual 15 November 2001No. 1110-1-4012
Engineering and DesignPRECIPITATION/COAGULATION/FLOCCULATIONTable of ContentsSubject Paragraph PageCHAPTER 1INTRODUCTION
Background 1-1 1-1Scope 1-2 1-1
CHAPTER 2PRECIPITATION
Introduction 2-1 2-1Theory and Discussion 2-2 2-3
CHAPTER 3HYDROXIDE PRECIPITATION
Introduction 3-1 3-1Advantages and Disadvantages of Hydroxide Precipitation 3-2 3-2Hydroxide Precipitation Using Lime 3-3 3-2Hydroxide Precipitation Using Caustic Soda 3-4 3-4Hydroxide Precipitation Using Magnesium Oxide 3-5 3-6Process Performance 3-6 3-6
CHAPTER 4SULFIDE PRECIPITATION
 Introduction 4-1 4-1Advantages and Disadvantages of Sulfide Precipitation 4-2 4-2Soluble Sulfide Precipitation (SSP) 4-3 4-3Insoluble Sulfide Precipitation 4-4 4-4Calcium Sulfide Precipitation 4-5 4-6
 
EM 1110-1-401215 NOV 01
Subject Paragraph PageCHAPTER 5CARBONATE PRECIPITATION
Introduction 5-1 5-1Advantages and Disadvantages of Carbonate Precipitation 5-2 5-1Carbonate Precipitation Using Calcium Carbonate 5-3 5-2Carbonate Precipitation Using Sodium Carbonate 5-4 5-3
CHAPTER 6OTHER PRECIPITATION
Introduction 6-1 6-1Xanthate Precipitation 6-2 6-1Combined Precipitation 6-3 6-2
CHAPTER 7COAGULATION AND FLOCCULATION
Introduction 7-1 7-1Theory and Discussion 7-2 7-2
CHAPTER 8COAGULANTS, POLYELECTROLYTES, AND COAGULANT AIDS
Introduction 8-1 8-1Inorganic Coagulants 8-2 8-1Polyelectrolytes 8-3 8-3Polyelectrolytes vs. Inorganic Coagulants 8-4 8-3Coagulant Aids 8-5 8-4
Chapter 9MIXING—GENERAL DISCUSSION AND THEORY
Introduction 9-1 9-1Rapid Mixing 9-2 9-2Rapid Mixing Vessel Considerations 9-3 9-2Flucculation Mixing/Agitation 9-4 9-3
Chapter 10TREATABILITY TESTING
Introduction 10-1 10-1Determination of Optimum pH Level 10-2 10-1Determination of Coagulant and Coagulant Aid Dosage Rates 10-3 10-2Determination of Settling Rates 10-4 10-4Determination of Sludge Characteristics 10-5 10-4Oxidation Considerations (Iron and Manganese Removal) 10-6 10-5ii

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