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Merriam-Webster's a Dictionary of Prefixes, Suffixes, And Combining Forms

Merriam-Webster's a Dictionary of Prefixes, Suffixes, And Combining Forms

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 A Dictionary of 
Prefixes, Suffixes, andCombining Forms
from
Websters Third New International Dictionary,Unabridged 
2002
Websters Third New International Dictionary
is now online
visit www.Merriam-WebsterUnabridged.comfor a 14-day free trial www.merriam-webster.com www.wordcentral.com
 
ablativeaccusativeactiveadjectiveadverb Anglo-French Albanianalterationanatomyaorist Armenian Avestanbiologybotanycentimeter-gram-secondchemistrycombining formconjunctioncontractioncrystallographyDutchDanishdativedialectdiminutiveEnglishespeciallyFrenchfemininefromfrequentativefutureGermangenitivegeologyGreekGermanicGothicHittiteIndo-EuropeanimitativeindicativeinterjectionIrish GaelicirregularInternational Scientific VocabularyItalianitalicLatinLate GreekliterallyLithuanianLate LatinmasculineMiddle DutchMiddle EnglishmedicineMiddle FrenchMiddle GreekMiddle High GermanMiddle IrishMedieval Latinmodificationnounneuter New Latinnominativenoun pluralobsoleteOld EnglishOld FrenchOld FrisianOld High GermanOld IrishOld LatinOld NorseOld PersianOol ProvenalOld PrussianoriginallyOld SaxonOld ScandinavianOld SlavicOld WelshparticipleperhapspersonPortuguesepluralprepositionpresentprobablypronounRussianScotssingularSanskritSpanishspecificallysuperlativeSwedishTocharian ATurkishusuallyvariantverb Vulgar Latin Welsh
 Abbreviations in This Work
The abbreviations in this list are regularized to one style without periods, although they mayappear with periods in context, depending on whether printed in roman type or italics.
ablaccactadjadv AF Albalteranataor Arm Avbiolbotcgschemcomb. formconjcontrcrystallogDDandatdialdimEespFfemfrfreqfutGgengeolGkGmcGothHittIEimitindicinterjIrGaelirregISVItitalLLGklitLithLLmascMDMEmedMFMGkMHGMIrMLmodif nneut NLnomn plobsOEOFOFrisOHGOIrOLONOPerOProvOPrussorigOSOScanOSlavOWpartperhpersPgplpreppresprobpronRussScsingSktSpspecif superlSwToch ATurkusuvarvb VL W
 
a-
prefix
ME, fr. OE
a-, an, on
1 :
on
:
in
:
at 
a
bed 
a
foot
a
sunder  sometimes used in dialect speech in locutionsnot found in standard he did it
a
-purpose
2 :
in such astate or condition 
a
fire 
a
sleep  often used with
 with
a
crawl with ants
3 :
in such a manner 
a
loud
4 :
in theact of 
:
in the process of daddys gone
a
-hunting monthslater the ship was still
a
-building
a-
or
an-
prefix
L  Gk L
a-, an-,
fr. Gk  more at
-
:
not
:
 without 
a
chromatic 
a
sexual  used chiefly with wordsof Gk or L origin
a-
before consonants other than
 h
andsometimes even before
 h, an-
before vowels and usu. before
 h
a
historical 
an
esthesia 
an
hydrous
-a-
combining form
ISV
:
replacing carbon esp. in a ring  ininitial combining forms as second constituent after a firstconstituent designating a chemical element ars
a-
 az
a-
-a 
n suffix
-
NL, prob. fr. originally nonsignificant
-a
in
 mag- nesia,
fr. ML
-a
in
 magnesia,
alchemical substance, fr. Gk
-a, - 
in
 magnsia, magnsi,
alchemical substance, magnet,fr. nom. sing. fem. adjectival ending corresponding to nom.sing. masc.
-os
and nom. sing. neut.
-on
:
oxide ceri
a
 lan-than
a
 thori
a
ab-
prefix
ME, fr. OF  L OF, fr. L, fr.
ab
from
1 :
from
:
departing from 
ab
normal
2 :
away
:
outside of 
ab
en-teric
ab-
prefix
absolute
  used for a cgs electromagnetic unit
ab
ampere 
ab
henry
abdomin-
or
abdomino-
combining form
L
abdomin-,abdomen
:
abdomen
:
abdominal 
abdomin
algia
abdomino
perineal 
abdomino
cardiac
-ability
also
-ibility
n suffix
-
ME
-ablete, -abilite, -iblete,-ibilite,
fr. MF
-ableté, -abilité, -ibleté, -ibilité,
fr. L
-abilitas,-ibilitas,
fr.
-abilis, -ibilis + -tas
-ty
:
capacity, fitness, or ten-dency to act or be acted on in a specified way ensil
ability
wash
ability
abio-
combining form
a- + bio-
:
 whatever is lifeless 
abio-
genesis
-able
also
-ible
adj suffix
ME, fr. OF, fr. L
-abilis, -ibilis,
fr.
-a-,-i-
thematic vowels of various conjugations of verbs +
-bilis
capable or worthy of being acted upon
1 :
capable of, fitfor, or worthy of being so acted upon or toward  chieflyin adjectives derived from verbs break
able
 connect
ible
eat
able
 lov
able
2 :
tending to, given to, favoring, causing,able to, or liable to agree
able
 change
able
 knowledge-
able
 peace
able
 perish
able
-ableness
n suffix
-
-ably
also
-ibly
adv suffix
-ac
n suffix
-
Gk
-akos
of or relating to, var. of 
-ikos
-ic afternoun stems ending in
i
:
one affected with hemophili
ac
nostalgi
ac
acanth-
or
acantho-
combining form
NL, fr. Gk
akanth-, akan-tho-,
fr.
akantha
akin to ON
gn
awn
:
thorn
:
spine 
acan-tho
carpous 
 Acanth
ophis
-acanthus
n combining form
NL, fr. Gk
akantha
thorn
:
ani-mal having such a spine or such or so many spinesCephal
acanthus
 Cten
acanthus
  in generic names esp. of fishes
acar-
or
acari-
or
acaro-
combining form
NL, fr.
 Acarus
:
mite
acar
oid 
acari
cide
ace-
combining form
ISV, fr.
acetic
:
acetic 
ace
naphthene
 specif 
:
related to acenaphthene 
ace
anthrene
-ace
n combining form
-
LGk
ak 
point
:
apex having somany faces hept
ace
 tessar
ace
-acea 
n pl suffix
NL, fr. L, neut. pl. of 
-aceus
-aceous
:
animalscharacterized by
:
animals of the nature of Cet
acea
Crust
acea
  in names of zoological divisions larger than agenus, esp. orders and classes
-aceae
n pl suffix
NL, fr. L, fem. pl. of 
-aceus
-aceous
:
plantsof the nature of Acanth
aceae
 Ros
aceae
  in names of families of plants formerly in names of orders of plants
-acean
adj suffix
NL
-acea, -aceae
+ E
-an
:
-
ros
acean
-acean
n suffix
-
:
organism characterized by
:
organism of the nature of crust
acean
 ros
acean
  in singular corre-sponding to plurals in
-acea, -aceae
acenaphth-
or
acenaphtho-
combining form
ISV, fr.
acenaph-thene
:
acenaphthene
:
acenaphthylene 
acenaphtho
phen-anthrene
-acene
n suffix
-
ISV, fr.
anthracene
:
aromatic polycyclichydrocarbon containing three or more fused benzene rings instraight linear sequence naphth
acene
-aceous
adj suffix
L
-aceus
:
characterized by aren
aceous
argill
aceous
:
of the nature of herb
aceous
:
belonging toor connected with a division of animals characterized by or of the nature of cet
aceous
 crust
aceous
:
belonging to orconnected with a family of plants of the nature of solan
a-ceous
  often in adjectives corresponding to biological clas-sification names in
-acea, -aceae
acet-
or
aceto-
combining form
F  L F
acét-,
fr. L
acet-,
fr.
acetum
vinegar
:
acetic acid
:
acetic
:
acetyl 
acet 
aldehyde
acet 
amide 
aceto
benzoic
achro-
or
achro-
combining form
Gk
achroos,
fr.
a-
a- +
-chroos
colored  more at
-
:
colorless 
achro
dex-trin 
achro
cyst
achromat-
or
achromato-
combining form
Gk
achrmatos
col-orless, fr.
a-
a- +
-chrmatos
colored, fr.
chrmat-, chrma
color
:
achromatic 
achromat 
uria
:
something achromatic
achromato
lysis
acou-
or
acouo-
combining form
F
acou-,
fr. Gk
akouein
tohear
:
hearing
:
listening 
acou
meter 
acouo
phonia
-acousia 
or
-acusia 
n combining form, pl 
-acousiae
or
-acusiae
NL, fr. Gk
akousis
fr.
akouein
to hear +
-sis
 + NL
-ia
:
hear-ing presby
acousia
 hyper
acusia
acr-
or
acro-
also
akr-
or
akro-
combining form
MF or Gk MF
acro-,
fr. Gk
akr-, akro-,
fr.
akros
topmost, extreme akin toGk
akm 
point
1 :
beginning
:
end
:
tip 
acro
logy
2 a :
top
:
peak
:
summit 
acro
petal 
acro
cephaly
b :
height 
acro-
phobia
c :
extremity of the body, esp. the human body
acro
cyanosis
acromio-
combining form
NL, fr.
acromion
:
acromial and
acromio
deltoid 
acromio
sternal
-act
adj combining form
Gk
aktis
ray  more at
-
:
having such or so many rays poly
act 
 tetr
act 
  interms applied to sponge spicules
-act
n combining form
-
:
one having such or so many rayshex
act 
 tri
act 
  in names of sponge spicules
actin-
or
actini-
or
actino-
combining form
NL
actin-
ray, fr.Gk
aktin-, aktino-,
fr.
aktin-, aktis
akin to OE
 hte
morningtwilight, OHG
 hta,
ON
tta,
Goth
 htwo,
Skt
aktu
light,night, L
 noct-, nox
night
1 a :
having a radiated structure
 Actino
poda 
 Actino
myces
b :
actinian 
actini
form
 Actino
zoa
2 a :
actinic 
actin
autography
b :
of, relatingto, or caused by actinic radiation as X rays 
actino
therapy
-actinal
adj combining form
Gk
aktin-, aktis
ray + E
-al 
:
-
-actine
adj combining form
Gk
aktin-, aktis
:
having such orso many rays disco
actine
 pent
actine
  esp. in termsapplied to sponge spicules
actinio-
combining form
 Actinia
:
actinian 
actinio
chrome
actinio
hematin
acu-
combining form
ML, fr. L
acu,
abl. of 
acus
needle akinto L
acies
edge
:
 with a needle 
acu
puncture
Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Forms
from
Websters Third New International Dictionary

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